Pile Dwellings in the Circum-Baltic Area


  • Elena Pranckėnaitė Klaipėda University, Institute of Baltic Region History and Archaeology, Lithuania
  • Ekaterina Dolbunova State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia
  • Andrey Mazurkevich State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia




pile dwellings, Eastern Europe, Circum-Baltic, Neolithic, limnic landscapes


The phenomenon of northern pile dwellings has been found in different geographical zones and landscapes of the Circum-Baltic region: in sea landscapes and on the shores of inland lakes and rivers. Inland sites were established in specific lacustrine landscapes, appearing within former post-glacial basins. The pile dwellings revealed here are characterized by different types of wooden buildings, including structures with raised floors. They are dated to the 4th millennium BC to 4th century BC in Central Europe and the Baltics, and to the end of the 4th to end of the 3rd millennium BC – in NW Russia and Belarus. They appeared in major cases independently and followed different cultural trajectories. The article presents an overview of a number of sites which can be attributed to pile dwelling settlements distributed in the Circum-Baltic area. It discusses particular features of their construction, traits of material culture, and site location patterns.


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26. 08. 2021 — Updated on 24. 11. 2021




How to Cite

Pranckėnaitė, E., Dolbunova, E., & Mazurkevich, A. (2021). Pile Dwellings in the Circum-Baltic Area. Documenta Praehistorica, 48, 102-116. https://doi.org/10.4312/dp.48.14

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