From a Concentration of Finds to Stone Age Architecture

The Lommi III Pit-House in Northwestern Russia


  • Irina Khrustaleva University of Tartu, Estonia; Department of Archaeology of Eastern Europe and Siberia, State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia
  • Aivar Kriiska University of Tartu, Estonia



Luga River basin, Stone Age, Comb Ware culture, concentration of finds, pit-house, architecture


High-quality documentation that was made during fieldwork at archaeological sites can provide new information for old excavations, even decades later. The revision of the archival data of the Stone Age settlement site Lommi III, located in the border zone of Russia and Estonia and excavated by Richard Indreko in 1940, allowed us to identify the remains of a Comb Ware culture (4th millennium cal BC) pit-house based on the concentration of artefacts marked in the field drawings. The rectangular shape and size of the concentration (c. 7.1x4.4m, depth 0.7–0.75m) corresponds to the architectural form common in the European forest zone and has numerous analogies at the settlement sites of that time in Finland, Karelia (Russia) and Estonia. The composition and diversity of the finds and their distribution indicate the (semi-)sedentary way of life of inhabitants of the pit-house. The radiocarbon age obtained from the organic crust on pottery fragments collected in the pit-house corresponds to the first half of 4th millennium cal BC.


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10. 09. 2021 — Updated on 24. 11. 2021




How to Cite

Khrustaleva, I., & Kriiska, A. (2021). From a Concentration of Finds to Stone Age Architecture: The Lommi III Pit-House in Northwestern Russia. Documenta Praehistorica, 48, 82-101.