The earliest traces of metallurgy in Greater Poland
Tuyère from Kotowo, Poland
Keywords:Funnel Beaker culture, Lengyel-Polgár complex, metalworking workshops, copper
During rescue excavations at Site 1 in Kotowo in 1958, a ceramic tube was discovered in a feature of the Funnel Beaker culture. Currently, XRF analysis suggests that it is a ceramic tuyère associated with copper processing. The feature, radiocarbon dated to 3911–3714 BC (68.3% probability), most likely housed a metalworking workshop. The artefact from Kotowo has several analogues in the Polish lands, mainly from sites of the Lengyel-Polgár culture. With a clear and well-documented cultural context, it testifies to the existence of the oldest metallurgical workshop so far known in the Funnel Beaker culture.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Danuta Żurkiewicz, Mateusz Stróżyk, Aldona Garbacz-Klempka, Marzena Szmyt, Patrycja Silska
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