The Earliest villages in Iron Age Iberia (800–400 BC): a view from Cerro de San Vicente (Salamanca, Spain)


  • Antonio Blanco-González University of Salamanca
  • Cristina Alario García Independent researcher, Salamanca
  • Carlos Macarro Alcalde Town Planning Office, Council of Salamanca



household archaeology, earth architecture, archaeological excavation, Early Iron Age, Iberian peninsula


The onset of the Iron Age underwent manifold disruptions. The emergence of long-lasting nucleated villages in Iberia c. 900/800 BC best encapsulates such profound changes. This paper draws on the results of excavations over the last few decades at a fortified tell-like settlement in central Iberia: Cerro de San Vicente (Spain). The article focuses on formation dynamics in earth architecture to understand the role of cultural choices in the genesis of these sites. The occurrence of sophisticated lifestyles and novel cultural expressions in this village (avant-garde devices such as a drain pipe, unprecedented building techniques, exotic imports and alien practices) suggests the plausible role of inter-regional migration in their adoption. The appraisal of intra-site spatial ar­rangements sheds fresh light upon the diachronic social trajectories of these agrarian communities, from a seemingly egalitarian organisation to an increasingly ranked one.


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Author Biography

Antonio Blanco-González, University of Salamanca

Post-doctoral scholar




How to Cite

Blanco-González, A., Alario García, C., & Macarro Alcalde, C. (2017). The Earliest villages in Iron Age Iberia (800–400 BC): a view from Cerro de San Vicente (Salamanca, Spain). Documenta Praehistorica, 44, 386–401.