Can Social Media Replace a Suspended Rite?

An Example from Central Italy


  • Fulvia Caruso Pavia University, Italy



Covid-19, pilgrimage, virtual compensation, communitas, devotional music


In 2020 and 2021, the restrictions imposed by the Covid-19 pandemic suspended or limited important rites and the web became the place to fill the void. In March 2020, I started to conduct virtual fieldwork on this development from the perspective of what happened to the pilgrimage to the Holy Trinity of Vallepietra (Central Italy).


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Web Sources

Comune di Vallepietra. [Municipality of Vallepietra.] [n. d.]. Facebook. Accessed December 7, 2021.

Confraternità S.S. Trinità Vallepietra. [Brotherhood of the Holy Trinity of Vallepietra.] [n. d.]. Facebook. Accessed December 7, 2021.

Fede e tradizione al Santuario della Santissima Trinità – Vallepietra. [Faith and tradition at the Sanctuary of the Holy Trinity – Vallepietra]. [n. d.]. Facebook, public group. Accessed December 7, 2021.

Iacobelli, Renato. 2020. “Quanto mi manca ad non essere stato alla Santissima Trinita ….” Facebook. July 20, 2020.

Santuario Santissima Trinità. [Santissima Trinità Sanctuary]. [n. d.]. Facebook. Accessed December 7, 2021.




How to Cite

Caruso, F. (2022). Can Social Media Replace a Suspended Rite? An Example from Central Italy. Musicological Annual, 58(1), 145–160.