Temporal Evolution of Makam and Usul Relationship in Turkish Makam


  • Benedikt Wimmer University of Applied Sciences Würzburg-Schweinfurt, Germany
  • Esteban Gómez Aalto University, Espoo, Finland




music information retrieval, Turkish makam, computational musicology


Turkish makam music is transmitted orally and learned through repetition. Most previous computational analysis works focus either on makam (its melodic structure) or usul (its rhythmic pattern) separately. The work presented in this paper performs a combined analysis to explore the descriptive potential of the relationship between these in over 600 makam pieces.


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27. 12. 2022




How to Cite

Wimmer, B., & Gómez E. (2022). Temporal Evolution of Makam and Usul Relationship in Turkish Makam. Musicological Annual, 58(2), 107-119. https://doi.org/10.4312/mz.58.2.107-119