Slovene Organ Builders in Croatia
AbstractAlthough organist Matthew, who repaired the organ of the Zagreb Cathedral, is mentioned in the Maribor archives already in 1501 and 1502, true contacts between Slovenia and Croatia were established only towards the end of the 17th century. Ever since, for nearly three hundred years, organs for Croatia have been ordered from mostly three Slovene building centres: Ljubljana (from 1688 up to today), Celje (only during the 18th century) and Maribor (from the latter half of the 18th century up to 1938). Apart from these centres, throughout the 19th century, there is a number of independent builders in smaller towns; however, their workshops were, the enterprize of one person or family only, lasting for a rather short period of time and usually terminated when the master died. Historically, older Slovene organ builders mostly transplanted building knowledge from various foreign centres. Thus, the organ builders of the 17th/18th century Ljubljana circle import influences from Southern Germany (I. Faller) or Salzburg (I. J. Eisl), those from Celje influences of the Czech school (I.F. Janeček, A. Scholz), whereas the Maribor builders bring in characteristics of the Styrian circle in Graz (S. + J. Otonič). In the 19th century, in the romantic period, the transition to which is represented by P. Rumpel from Kamnik, the Ljubljana circle takes the lead (A. F. Malachovsky, F. Goršič, F. Ks. Dev), followed by L. Ebner in Maribor, whereas in the 20th century, I. Milavec in Ljubljana, brothers Zupan in Kamna Gorica and J. Brandl in Maribor become the main representatives of modern organ building. This line finishes with F. Jenko. According to the organ inventory made in 1975 there exist in Croatia 153 organs built by Slovene masters from 1759 up to the present; of the number mentioned, 24 organs belong to the 18th, 24 to the early 19th century, whereas 106 organs were made since 1890. The article reveals 27 names of masters from Slovenia whose works have survived in Croatia; together with 16 names of other assistants there are altogether 43 organ builders that have been active in Croatia. In the appendix the catalogue gives the general data about the place and disposition of organs, whereas organs mentioned in brackets either do not exist any more or are known of only from archivic sources or press. Of the 762 organs registered in Croatia, one fifth originates from Slovene masters who represent the most numerous group of organ builders of non-Croat nationality. The aim of the article is to offer a kind of inventory of work done by Slovene builders in Croatia and thus to contribute to the history of building organs in Slovenia.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 1979 Ladislav Šaban
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal Musicological Annual by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.