Local host ant usage of scarce large blue Phengaris teleius and dusky large blue P. nausithous (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) at Goričko Nature Park (NE Slovenia)

Authors

  • Valerija Zakšek Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Barbara Zakšek Centre for Cartography of Fauna and Flora, Antoličičeva 1, SI-2204 Miklavž na Dravskem polju
  • Gregor Bračko Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Marijan Govedič Centre for Cartography of Fauna and Flora, Antoličičeva 1, SI-2204 Miklavž na Dravskem polju
  • Rudi Verovnik Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.23.1.21-33

Keywords:

Phengaris, Slovenia, host ants, Goričko, Myrmica

Abstract

In our contribution we report on the local host ants of two threatened and protected butterfly species, the scarce large blue (Phengaris teleius) and the dusky large blue (P. nausithous) at Goričko (NE Slovenia), which hosts one of the largest and the most important metapopulation for both species of large blues in Slovenia. Larvae of both species are developing in Myrmica ant nests and different ant species may be used as larval hosts in different parts of the species range. During our study, seven species of potential host ants of the genus Myrmica were found at 12 selected sampling sites. A total of 142 ant nests were examined for the presence of Phengaris larvae. Larvae of P. teleius were found in 25 nests of three ant species: M. scabrinodis, M. rubra and M. gallienii, while larvae of P. nausithous were found in 9 nests, all of M. rubra. The results of the present study provide the first insight into the local host ants of the two Phengaris species in Slovenia and could serve as an important source for active conservation of both species in Slovenia.

References

Bračko G. 2007. Checklist of the ants of Slovenia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Natura Sloveniae. 9(1): 15-24.

Elmes GW, Thomas JA. 1992. Complexity of species conservation in managed habitats: interaction between Maculinea butterflies and their ant hosts. Biodiversity and Conservation. 1: 155-169. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00695913

Elmes GW, Thomas JA, Wardlaw JC, Hochberg ME, Clarke RT, Simcox DJ. 1998. The ecology of Myrmica ants in relation to the conservation of Maculinea butterflies. Journal of Insect Conservation. 2: 67-78. http://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009696823965 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009696823965

Nowicki P, Witek M, Skorka P, Settele J, Woyciechowski M. 2005. Population ecology of the endangered butterflies Maculinea teleius and M. nausithous and the implications for conservation. Population Ecology. 47: 193-202. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10144-005-0222-3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10144-005-0222-3

OJ EC. 1992. Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora. Official Journal of the European Communities L 206, 22. 7. 1992: 7-50.

Pech P, Sedlachek O. 2016. Records of host ant use of Phengaris Doherty, 1891 (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae) in the Czech Republic. Nota Lepidopterologica. 39: 85-91. http://doi.org/10.3897/nl.39.8087 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3897/nl.39.8087

Pech P, Friz Z, Konvicka M. 2007. Species-Specificity of the Phengaris (Maculinea) – Myrmica Host System: Fact or myth? (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae; Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology. 50: 983-1003.

Radchenko A, Elmes GW. 2010. Myrmica ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the Old World. Warszaw (PL): Natura Optima Deux.

Seifert B. 2018. The ants of Central and North Europe. Tauer (DE): Lutra Verlags- und Vertriebsgesellschaft.

Settele J, Kühn E, Thomas J, editors. 2005. Studies on the ecology and conservation of butterflies in Europe: Maculinea butterflies as a model. Vol. 2. Sofia (BG): Pensoft.

Stankiewicz AM, Sielezniew M. 2002. Host specificity of Maculinea teleius Bgstr. and M. nausithous Bgstr. (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): the new insight. Annales Zoologici. 52: 403-408.

Stankiewicz AM, Sielezniew M, Švitra G. 2005. Myrmica schencki (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) rears Maculinea rebeli (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in Lithuania: new evidence for geographical variation of host-ant specificity of an endangered butterfly. Myrmecologische nachrichten. 7: 51-54.

Śliwińska EB, Nowicki P, Nash DR, Witek M, Settele J, Woyciechowski M. 2006. Morphology of caterpillars and pupae of European Maculinea species (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) with an identification table. Entomologica Fennica. 17: 351-358. http://doi.org/10.33338/ef.84357 DOI: https://doi.org/10.33338/ef.84357

Tartally A, Varga Z. 2005. Myrmica rubra (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): the first data on host-ant specificity of Maculinea nausithous (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in Hungary. Myrmecologische nachrichten. 7: 55-59.

Tartally A, Varga Z. 2008. Host ant use of Maculinea teleius in the Carpathian Basin (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 54(3): 257-268.

Tartally A, Nash DR, Lengyel S, Varga Z. 2008. Patterns of host ant use by sympatric populations of Maculiea alcon and M. ‘rebeli’ in the Carpathian Basin. Insectes Sociaux. 55: 370-381. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00040-008-1015-4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00040-008-1015-4

Tartally A, Thomas JA, Anton C, Balletto E, Barbero F, Bonelli S, Bräu M, Casacci LP, Csősz S, Czekes Z, et al. 2019. Patterns of host use by brood parasitic Maculinea butterflies across Europe. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 374: 20180202. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2018.0202 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2018.0202

Thomas JA, Elmes GW, Wardlaw JC, Woyciechowski M. 1989. Host specifity among Maculinea butterflies in Myrmica ant nests. Oecologia. 79: 425-457. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00378660 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00378660

Thomas JA, Elmes GW, Wardlaw JC. 1998. Polymorphic growth in larvae of the butterfly Maculinea rebeli, a social parasite of Myrmica ant colonies. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. 265: 1895-1901. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1998.0517 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1998.0517

Thomas JA, Elmes GW, Schönrogge K, Simcox DJ, Settele J. 2005. Primary hosts, secondary hosts and ‘non host’: common confusion in the interpretation of host specificity in Maculinea butterflies and other social parasites of ants. In: Settele J, Kühn E, editors. Studies on the Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies in Europe, Species Ecology along a European Gradient: Maculinea Butterflies as a Model, Vol. 2. Sofia (BG): Pensoft. p. 99-104.

Ur. l. RS. 2004. Uredba o posebnih varstvenih območjih (območjih Natura 2000). Uradni list RS. 14(49): 13173-13395.

Van Swaay C, Collins S, Dušej G, Maes D, Munguira ML, Rakosy L, Ryrholm N, Šašić M, Settele J, Thomas JA, et al. 2012. Dos and don’ts for butterflies of the habitats directive of the European Union. Nature Conservation. 1: 73-153. http://doi.org/10.3897/natureconservation.1.2786 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3897/natureconservation.1.2786

Verovnik R, Rebeušek F, Jež M. 2012. Atlas dnevnih metuljev (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) Slovenije, Atlas of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) of Slovenia. Atlas faunae et florae Sloveniae 3. Miklavž na Dravskem polju (SI): Center za kartografijo favne in flore.

Witek M, Śliwińska EB, Skórka P, Nowicki P, Wantuch M, Vrabec V, Settele J, Woyciechowski M. 2008. Host ant specificity of large blue butterflies Phengaris (Maculinea) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) inghabiting humid grasslands in East-central Europe. European Journal of Entomology. 105: 871-877. http://doi.org/10.14411/eje.2008.115 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14411/eje.2008.115

Witek M, Nowicki P, Śliwińska EB, Skórka P, Settele J, Schönrogge K, Woyciechowski M. 2010. Local host ant specifity of Phengaris (Maculinea) teleius butterfly, an obligatory social parasite of Myrmica ants. Ecological Entomology. 35: 557-564. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2010.01213.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2010.01213.x

Wynhoff I, van Gestel R, van Swaay C, van Langevelde F. 2011. Not only the butteflies: managing ants on road verges to benefit Phengaris (Maculinea) butterflies. Journal of Insect Conservation. 15: 189-206. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-010-9337-8 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-010-9337-8

Wynhoff I, Kolvoort AM, Bassignana CF, Berge MP, van Langevelde F. 2017. Fen meadows on the move for the conservation of Maculinea (Phengaris) teleius butterflies. Journal of Insect Conservation. 21: 379-392. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-016-9941-3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-016-9941-3

Zakšek B, Govedič M, Kogovšek N, Rebeušek F, Šalamun A, Verovnik R. 2012. Kartiranje dnevnih metuljev v Krajinskem parku Goričko v letih 2010 in 2011. Miklavž na Dravskem polju (SI): Center za kartografijo favne in flore.

Zakšek B, Verovnik R, Zakšek V, Kogovšek N, Govedič M. 2020. Monitoring izbranih ciljnih vrst metuljev v letu 2020. Miklavž na Dravskem polju (SI): Center za kartografijo favne in flore.

Zakšek V. 2004. Izbira habitata in ogroženost metuljev Maculinea teleius in M. nausithous (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) v osrednjih Slovenskih goricah [diplomsko delo]. [Ljubljana (SI)]: Biotehniška fakulteta, Univerza v Ljubljani.

Zakšek V, Malačič K, Rebeušek F, Verovnik R. 2005. Distribution and autecology of Maculinea teleius and M. nausithous (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in Northeast Slovenia. In: Settele J, Kühn E, editors. Studies on the ecology and conservation of butterflies in Europe: Maculinea butterflies as a model, Vol. 2. Sofia (BG): Pensoft. p. 253-256.

Downloads

Published

30.06.2021

Issue

Section

Scientific paper

How to Cite

Zakšek, V., Zakšek, B., Bračko, G., Govedič, M., & Verovnik, R. (2021). Local host ant usage of scarce large blue Phengaris teleius and dusky large blue P. nausithous (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) at Goričko Nature Park (NE Slovenia). Natura Sloveniae, 23(1), 21-33. https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.23.1.21-33

Similar Articles

1-10 of 231

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 > >>