The butterfly (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) diversity of Mt. Mosor in Dalmatia, Croatia

Authors

  • Toni Koren Association Hyla, Lipovac I. no 7, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia
  • Ivona Burić Association Hyla, Lipovac I. no 7, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia
  • Gordana Glavan University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Biology, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Rudi Verovnik University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Biology, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.22.2.43-68

Keywords:

Croatia, Lepidoptera, faunistics, biogeography, distribution, threat status

Abstract

Mosor is a small mountain massif situated in central Dalmatia, above the cities of Split and Omiš. It was never a target of any systematic butterfly surveys, with its fauna remaining almost completely unknown. During our surveys from 2011 to 2020, we recorded 96 butterfly species at 60 localities. With the literature record of Polyommatus ripartii, a total of 97 species are recorded from Mt. Mosor. The comparison with the published lists of the neighbouring lower Mt. Kozjak and much higher Mt. Biokovo revealed that the butterfly richness of Mt. Mosor is intermediate, with 87 and 116 species recorded from those mountains, respectively. The biogeographical composition of all three mountains is, however, similar, with the dominant Euro-Siberian and Euro-Oriental faunistic elements comprising together about 80% of the species. For some species with scarce information for Croatia or Dalmatia, like Papilio alexanor, Zerynthia polyxena, Parnassius mnemosynae, Aricia anteros, Polyommatus escheri, Melitaea aurelia, Proterebia phegea, and Neptis rivularis, new records are discussed.

References

Dincă V, Runquist M, Nilsson M, Vila R. 2013. Dispersal, fragmentation, and isolation shape the phylogeography of the European lineages of Polyommatus (Agrodiaetus) ripartii (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 109: 817-829. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bij.12096 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12096

Jakšič PN. 1998. Male genitalia of butterflies on Balkan Peninsula with a check-list (Lepidoptera: Hesperi., Papilion.). Bratislava (SK): F. Slamka Publisher.

Kačírek A. 2017. Contribution to the knowledge of the butterfly fauna (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea, Hesperioidea) of the Biokovo and Rilić mountain ranges (Croatia, Central Dalmatia). Klapalekiana. 53: 27-50.

Koren T. 2010. First finding of Ripart’s Anomalous Blue Polyommatus (Agrodiaetus) ripartii (Freyer, 1830) (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae) in Croatia. Natura Croatica. 19(2): 463-467.

Koren T, Burić I, Štih A, Zakšek V, Verovnik R. 2010. New data about the distribution and altitudinal span of the dalmatian ringlet, Proterebia afra dalmata (Godart, [1824]) (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae) in Croatia. Acta Entomologica Slovenica. 18: 143-150.

Koren T. 2012. New records of three species of the genus Aricia Reichenbach, 1817 (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in Croatia. Acta Entomologica Slovenica. 20: 135-146.

Koren T, Jugovic J. 2012. New data on the presence of three similar species of the genus Melitaea: M. athalia, M. aurelia and M. britomartis (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the North-Western Balkans. Annales, Series Historia Naturalis Archives. 22: 25-34.

Koren T, Lauš B. 2013. Dinara Massif-a new hotspot for the butterfly (Papilionoidea) diversity of the Dinaric Arc. Nota lepidopterological. 36: 109-126.

Koren T, Withrington D, Štih A, Gros P. 2018. The butterflies of the Istria county (Istria, Croatia): A review of their distribution, status and conservation requirements (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Gortania. 40: 95-114.

Koren T, Burić I, Glavan G, Verovnik R. 2019. Contribution to the knowledge of the butterfly fauna (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) of Mt Kozjak, Split, Croatia. Natura Croatica. 28: 21-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.20302/NC.2019.28.2

Koren T, Lauš B, Tvrtković N, Verovnik R. 2020. Butterfly diversity of Lička Plješevica Mountain chain, Croatia (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología. 48(190): 257-283. DOI: https://doi.org/10.57065/shilap.386

Kučinić M, Mihoci I, Delić A, Vajdić M, Marguš D. 2017. Faunističke značajke danjih leptira (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) Nacionalnog parka »Krka«. In: Zbornik radova sa znanstveno-stručnog skupa Vizija i izazovi upravljanja zaštićenim područjima prirode u Hrvatskoj : Aktivna zaštita i održivo upravljanje u Nacionalnom parku »Krka«. Šibenik. p. 269-292.

Kudrna O, Pennerstorfer J, Lux K. 2015. Distribution Atlas of European Butterflies and Skippers. Schwanfeld (DE): Peks. p. 632.

Lafranchis T. 2004. Butterflies of Europe. New field guide and key. Paris (FR): Diatheo.

Lorković Z. 1970. Karyologischer Beitrag zur Frage der Fortpflanzungverhältnisse südeuropäischer Taxone von Pieris napi (L.) (Lep., Pieridae). Biološki Glasnik. 21: 95-136.

Lorković Z. 2009. The Rhopalocera fauna of Croatia with special respect to the fauna of Plitvice Lakes. Entomologia Croatica. 13: 15-78.

Micevski B, Micevski N, Verovnik R. 2009. New records of the rare Escher's Blue, Polyommatus escheri (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae), from the Republic of Macedonia. Phegea. 37: 69-73.

Mihoci I, Šašić M, Vuković M. 2007. Contribution to the butterfly fauna (Hesperoidea & Papilionoidea) of the Velebit mountain, Croatia. Natura Croatica.16: 29-62.

Mihoci I, Hršak V, Kučinić M, Mičetić Stanković V, Delić A, Tvrtković N. 2011. Butterfly diversity and biogeography on the Croatian karst mountain Biokovo: Vertical distribution and preference for altitude and aspect? European Journal of Entomology. 108: 623-633. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14411/eje.2011.081

Ministry of Environment and Energy – IENC. 2012. Natura 2000 – Standard data form, HR2001352 – Mosor. [accessed 2020 Oct 1]. https://natura2000.eea.europa.eu/Natura2000/SDF.aspx?site=HR2001352

Narodne Novine. 2019. Uredba o ekološkoj mreži i nadležnostima javnih ustanova za upravljanje područjima ekološke mreže. Narodne novine 80/2019. [accessed 2020 Oct 1]. https://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/2019_08_80_1669.html

Novak N, Novak M. 2018. The differences in the invasiveness of some alien plant species between continental and coastal part of Croatia. Poljoprivreda. 24: 63-69. http://dx.doi.org/10.18047/poljo.24.2.9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.18047/poljo.24.2.9

Russell P, Pateman J. 2018. A southward extension to the currently known range of Papilio alexanor Esper, 1799 (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) in Croatia. Entomologist's Gazette. 69: 15-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.31184/G00138894.691.1654 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31184/G00138894.691.1654

Samac M. 1956. Ispaša na kršu i njeni problemi. Agronomski Glasnik. 6 (10-12): 604-610.

Sladonja B, Sušek M, Guillermic J. 2015. Review on invasive Tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle) conflicting values: assessment of its ecosystem services and potential biological threat. Environmental Management. 56: 1009-1034. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-015-0546-5 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-015-0546-5

Stauder H. 1911. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Makrolepidopteren-Fauna der adriatischen Küstengebiete. Trieste (IT): Bollettino della Società adriatica di scienze naturali. 25(2): 93-120.

Stauder H. 1913. Weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Makrolepidopterenfauna der adriatischen Küstengebiete. Trieste (IT): Bollettino della Società adriatica di scienze naturali. 27(1): 105-166.

Stauder H. 1923. Die Schmetterlingsfauna der illyro-adriatischen Festland- und Inselzone (Faunula Illyro-Adriatica). Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Insektenbiologie. 18: 10-18, 58-68, 106-114, 187-202, 253-267, 317-327.

Šašić M, Mihoci I, Kučinić M. 2015. Red book of butterflies of Croatia. Zagreb (HR): Ministarstvo zaštite okoliša i prirode, Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Hrvatski prirodoslovni muzej.

Šegulja N, Bedalov M. 1984. Prilog poznavanju vegetacije Mosora. Acta Botanica Croatica. 43(1): 207-216.

Tshikolovets VV. 2011. Butterflies of Europe & the Mediterranean area. Padubrice (CZ): Tshikolovets Publications.

Tolman T, Lewington R. 2008. Butterflies of Britain & Europe. London (GB): Harper Collins Publishers.

Tvrtković N, Šašić M, Mihoci I, Vuković M, Bjelić M. 2012. Review of the Butterfly fauna (Hesperioidea & Papilionoidea) of the Dinara mountain range. Natura Croatica. 21(2): 471-481.

Tvrtković N, Verovnik R, Lovrenčić L, Vuković M, Šašić M. 2015. New contributions to the butterfly fauna of Mt Velebit and the neighbouring area of Lika (Croatia). Natura Croatica. 24: 281-292. http://dx.doi.org/10.20302/NC.2015.24.18 DOI: https://doi.org/10.20302/NC.2015.24.18

Ur. l. EU. 1992. Direktiva Sveta 92/43/EGS z dne 21. maja 1992 o ohranjanju naravnih habitatov ter prostoživečih živalskih in rastlinskih vrst. Uradni list Evropske unije 206. 15/2: 102-145.

Van Swaay C, Cuttelod A, Collins S, Maes D, López Munguira M, Šašić M, Settele J, Verovnik R, Verstrael T, Warren M, et al. 2010. European Red List of Butterflies. Luxembourg (LU): Publications Office of the European Union.

Van Swaay CAM, Dennis EB, Schmucki R, Sevilleja CG, Balalaikins M, Botham M, Bourn N, Brereton T, Cancela JP, Carlisle B, et al. 2019. The EU Butterfly Indicator for Grassland species: 1990-2017: Technical Report. Butterfly Conservation Europe & ABLE/eBMS. [accessed 2020 Dec 1]. https://www.butterfly-monitoring.net

Van Strien A, van Swaay C, Liempt W, Poot M, Vries M. 2019. Over a century of data reveal more than 80% decline in butterflies in the Netherlands. Biological Conservation. 234: 116-122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.03.023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.03.023

Verovnik R. 2004. Distribution and conservation status of Polyommatus escheri (Huebner, 1823) in Slovenia (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Linn. Belg. 19: 253-257.

Verovnik R, Koren T, Glavan G. 2015. Contribution to the knowledge of the butterfly and skipper fauna of northern Dalmatia mainland. Natura Croatica. 24: 265-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.20302/NC.2015.24.17 DOI: https://doi.org/10.20302/NC.2015.24.17

Verovnik R, Švara V. 2016. Confirmed recent occurrence of the Southern Swallowtail (Papilio alexanor Esper, 1799) in Croatia (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología. 44: 547-552.

Wiemers M, Balletto E, Dincă V, Fric ZF, Lamas G, Lukhtanov V, Munguira ML, van Swaay CAM, Vila R, Vliegenthart A, et al. 2018. An updated checklist of the European Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Zookeys. 811: 9-45. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.811.28712 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.811.28712

Zakšek V. 2005. On the presence of Proterebia afra (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) on the island of Pag, Croatia. Phegea. 33: 118-120.

Downloads

Published

30.12.2020

Issue

Section

Scientific paper

How to Cite

Koren, T., Burić, I., Glavan, G., & Verovnik, R. (2020). The butterfly (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) diversity of Mt. Mosor in Dalmatia, Croatia. Natura Sloveniae, 22(2), 43-68. https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.22.2.43-68

Similar Articles

1-10 of 144

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >>