Interstitial fauna of the Sava River in Eastern Slovenia

Authors

  • Simona Prevorčnik Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana
  • Anja Remškar Ob žici 3, SI-1000 Ljubljana
  • Cene Fišer University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Biology, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana
  • Boris Sket University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Biology, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana
  • Gregor Bračko University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Biology, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana
  • Teo Delić University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Biology, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana
  • Nataša Mori Department of Organisms and Ecosystems Research, National Institute of Biology, Večna pot 111, SI-1000 Ljubljana
  • Anton Brancelj Department of Organisms and Ecosystems Research, National Institute of Biology, Večna pot 111, SI-1000 Ljubljana
  • Maja Zagmajster University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Biology, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.21.2.13-23

Keywords:

interrstitial fauna, hyporheic, stygobionts, endemic species, Bou-Rouch pumping method, Sava River, Slovenia

Abstract

Interstitial water that occupies the pore spaces within unconsolidated sediments is a unique habitat, inhabited by surface as well as exclusively subterranean species (stygobionts). The best studied of all interstitial habitats is the hyporheic zone, an interface between surface water and groundwater (phreatic zone) environments. The Sava River in central Slovenia (i.e., at the Ljubljana alluvial plain) readily qualifies as one of the global hotspots of interstitial biodiversity, while data from other river sections are lacking. In 2015, we sampled two gravel bars on the final Slovenian section of the river (Eastern Slovenia), and collected nine samples per site using the Bou-Rouch pumping method. At »Čatež ob Savi« and »Obrežje« sites, at least 26 invertebrate species with 14 stygobionts and 25 invertebrate species with 13 stygobionts were identified, respectively. Altogether, 33 invertebrate taxa with 16 stygobionts were recorded, which increased the previously known interstitial stygobiotic richness of the Sava River in Slovenia by eight species (to 37 species). Three species of the stygobiotic amphipod genus Niphargus were recorded in Slovenia for the first time, one of which is even a new species to science. We discuss the novel results in the context of current national conservation practices.

References

Angelier E. 1962. Remarques sur la répartition de la faune dans le milieu interstitiel hyporhéique. Zoologischer Anzeiger. 168: 352-355.

Bole J. 1992. Neue Arten der unterirdischen Schnecken Westbalkans. Razprave. Slovenska akademija znanosti in umetnosti, Razred za naravoslovne vede. 33: 3-20.

Bou C, Rouch R. 1967. Un nouveau champ de recherches sur la faune aquatique souterraine. Hebd CR. Comptes Rendus de L'Academie des Sciences. 265: 369-370.

Boulton AJ, Datry T, Kasahara T, Mutz M, Stanfor JA. 2010. Ecology and management of the hyporheic zone: stream-groundwater interactions of running waters and their floodplains. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 29(1): 26-40. https://doi.org/10.1899/08-017.1

Culver D, Pipan T. 2014. Shallow subterranean habitats: Ecology, evolution and Conservation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Danielopol DL. 1976. The distribution of the fauna in the interstitial habitats of riverine sediments of the Danube and the Piesting (Austria). International Journal of Speleology (Edizione Italiana). 8(1/2): 23-51. https://doi.org/10.5038/1827-806X.8.1.3

De Mattia W. 2007. A new subterranean hydrobiid from a thermal spring in eastern Slovenia: »Iglica« velkovrhi n. sp. (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia: Hydrobiidae). Mollusca. 25: 27-31.

Fraser BG, Williams DD. 1998. Seasonal boundary dynamics of a groundwater ⁄ surface-water ecotone. Ecology. 79: 2019-2031. https://doi.org/10.2307/176706

Gibert J, Stanford JA, Dole-Olivier M-J, Ward JV. 1994. Basic attributes of groundwater ecosystems and prospects for research. In: Gibert J, Danielopol DL, Stanford JA, editors. Groundwater Ecology. New York (NY): Academic Press.

Griebler C, Avramov M. 2015. Groundwater ecosystem services: a review. Freshwater Science. 34(1): 355-367. https://doi.org/10.1086/679903

Hancock PJ, Boulton AJ, Humphreys WF. 2005. Aquifers and hyporheic zones: towards an ecological understanding of groundwater. The future of hydrogeology. Hydrogeology Journal. 13: 98-111. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-004-0421-6

Hofman S, Rysiewska A, Osikowski A, Grego J, Sket B, Prevorčnik S, Zagmajster M, Falniowski A. 2018. Phylogenetic relationships of the Balkan Moitessieriidae (Caenogastropoda: Truncatelloidea). Zootaxa. 4486(3): 311-339. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4486.3.5

Karaman S. 1954. Über die jugoslavischen Stenasellus-Arten. Fragmenta balcanica. 1(2): 7-19.

Karaman S. 1983. Contribution to the knowledge of the Amphipoda 128. A new subterranean species from Yugoslavia, Niphargus lattingerae, n. sp. (f. Gammaridae). Poljopriveda i šumarstvo. 29: 37-46.

Klie W. 1935. Drei neue Hohlenostracoden aus der Umgebung von Laibach. Zoologischer Anzeiger. 111: 189-198.

Krause S, Hannah DM, Fleckenstein JH, Heppell CM, Kaeser D, Pickup R, Pinay G, Robertson AL, Wood PJ. 2011. Inter-disciplinary perspectives on processes in the hyporheic zone. Ecohydrology. 4(4): 481-499. https://doi.org/10.1002/eco.176

Malard F, Dole-Olivier MJ, Mathieu J, Stoch F. 2002. Sampling manual for the assessment of regional groundwater biodiversity. European Project PASCALIS. http://www.pascalis-project.com

Meštrov M. 1957. Bathynellacea iz podzemne vode Zagreba. Periodicum Biologorum. 10: 127-136.

Meštrov M. 1960. Faunističko-ekološka i biocenološka istraživanja podzemnih voda savske nizine. Periodicum Biologorum. 13: 73-108.

Meštrov M. 1961. Über neue Bogidiella Arten (Crustacea, Amphipoda) aus unterirdischen Gewässern Kroatiens und Sloveniens. Zoologischer Anzeiger. 167(1-2): 74-80.

Meštrov M, Dešković I, Tavčar V. 1978. Pollution of the river Sava according to several years of ecological research. Ekologija. 13: 61-79.

Meštrov M, Stilinovic B, Habdija I, Lattinger R, Maloseja Z, Kerovec M, Čičin-Šain L. 1983. The ecological characteristics of intertstitial underground waters in relation to the water of the river Sava. JAZU, Prirodoslovna istraživanja 48, Acta Biologica. 9(1): 5-33.

Mori N, Brancelj A. 2011. Spatial and temporal variability of hyporheic invertebrate community within a stream reach of the River Bača. Natura Sloveniae. 13(1): 25-38.

Mori N, Meisch C, Brancelj A. 2011. Morphology, ecology and distribution of Typhlocypris cavicola (Klie, 1935) and Fabaeformiscandona aemonae (Klie, 1935), two triangulary shaped ostracods from Slovenia. Graz: 7th European Ostracologists Meeting, Universalmuseum Joanneum GmbH.

Mori N, Meisch C. 2012. Contribution to the knowledge on the distribution of recent free-living freshwater ostracods (Podocopida, Ostracoda, Crustacea) in Slovenia. Natura Sloveniae. 14: 5-28.

Mori N, Simčič T, Žibrat U, Brancelj A. 2012. The role of river flow dynamics and food availability in structuring hyporheic microcrustacean assemblages: a reach scale study. Fundamental and Applied Limnology / Archiv für Hydrobiologie. 180(4): 335-349. https://doi.org/10.1127/1863-9135/2012/0258

OJ EU. 2006. Directive 2006/118/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the protection of groundwater against pollution and deterioration. Official Journal of the European Union L372: 1-25.

Orghidan TN. 1955. Un nouveau domaine de vie souterraine aquatique: le biotope hyporhéique. Biuletin Ştiinţific. Academia Republic Sectiunea de Ştiinţe Biologice, Agrico Geografice 7: 657-676.

Rogulj B, Marmonier P, Lattinger R, Danielopol D. 1994. Fine-scale distribution of hypogean Ostracoda in the interstitial habitats of the Rivers Sava and Rhone. Hydrobiolgia. 287: 19-28.

Rysiewska A, Prevorčnik S, Osikowski A, Hofman S, Beran L, Falniowski A. 2017. Phylogenetic relationships in Kerkia and introgression between Hauffenia and Kerkia (Caenogastropoda: Hydrobiidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research. 55(2): 106-117. https://doi.org/10.1111/jzs.12159

Sket B. 1999. The nature of biodiversity in hypogean waters and how it is endangered. Biodiversity and Conservation. 8: 1319-1338. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008916601121

Sket B, Velkovrh F. 1981. Phreatische Fauna in Ljubljansko Polje (Ljubljana – Ebene, Jugoslawien) – ihre ökologische Verteilung und zoogeograpische Beziehungen. International Journal of Speleology. 11: 105-121.

[SubBioDB] Subterranean Biodiversity Database, Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana. 2014; [accessed on 31. 12. 2014]. https://db.subbio.net/

Trontelj P, Douady CJ, Fišer C, Gibert J, Gorički Š, Lefébure T, Sket B, Zakšek V. 2009. A molecular test for cryptic diversity in ground water: how large are the ranges of macro-stygobionts? Freshwater Biology. 54(4): 727-744. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2007.01877.x

Ur. l. EU. 1992. Direktiva sveta 92/43/EGS z dne 21. maja 1992 o ohranjanju naravnih habitatov ter prostoživečih živalskih in rastlinskih vrst. Uradni list EU L 206, vol. 35 (22.7.1992), Pogl. 15/Zv.2: 102-145.

Ur. l. EU. 2000. Direktiva Evropskega parlamenta in Sveta 2000/60/ES z dne 23. oktobra 2000 o določitvi okvira za ukrepe Skupnosti na področju vodne politike. Uradni list EU 327 (22.12.2000): 1-73.

Ur. l. EU. 2010. Direktiva 2009/147/ES Evropskega parlamenta in Sveta z dne 30. novembra 2009 o ohranjanju prosto živečih ptic (kodificirana različica). Uradni list EU 20 (26.1.2010): 7-25.

Ur. l. RS. 1996. Zakon o ratifikaciji Konvencije o biološki raznovrstnosti. Uradni list RS, št. 7/96

Ur. l. RS. 2002. Pravilnik o uvrstitvi ogroženih rastlinskih in živalskih vrst v rdeči seznam. Uradni list RS, št. 82/02 in 42/10.

Ur. l. RS. 2004a. Uredba o varstvu prostoživečih živalskih vrst. Uradni list RS, št. 46/04, 109/04, 84/05, 115/07, 32/08 – odl. US, 96/08, 36/09, 102/11, 15/14, 64/16 in 62/19.

Ur. l. RS. 2004b. Zakon o ohranjanju narave. Uradni list RS, št. 96/04.

Ur. l. RS. 2009. Uredba o stanju podzemnih voda. Uradni list RS, št. 25/09, 68/12, 66/16 in 44/22 – ZVO-2.

Zagmajster M, Eme D, Fišer C, Galassi D, Marmonier P, Stoch F, Cornu F, Malard F. 2014. Geographic variation in range size and beta diversity of groundwater crustaceans: insights from habitats with low thermal seasonality. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 23: 1135-1145. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12200

Downloads

Published

30.12.2019

Issue

Section

Short Communication

How to Cite

Prevorčnik, S., Remškar, A., Fišer, C., Sket, B., Bračko, G., Delić, T., Mori, N., Brancelj, A., & Zagmajster, M. (2019). Interstitial fauna of the Sava River in Eastern Slovenia. Natura Sloveniae, 21(2), 13-23. https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.21.2.13-23

Similar Articles

1-10 of 269

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 > >>