Moth fauna (Lepidoptera) at selected illuminated churches in Slovenia

Authors

  • Matjaž Jež Borštnikova 99, SI-2000 Maribor
  • Valerija Zakšek University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Biology, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana
  • Radovan Štanta Miren 163, SI-5291 Miren
  • Bojan Zadravec Vipavska cesta 88, SI-5000 Nova Gorica
  • Rudi Verovnik University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Biology, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.17.2.17-45

Keywords:

threat status, light pollution, faunistic analysis, Lepidoptera, moths, Slovenia

Abstract

The negative impact of light pollution on moths is a well-known but under-studied phenomenon. In the 2011-2013 period, the moth fauna on illuminated parts of facades on 15 selected churches from different biogeographical regions of Slovenia and at a mountain cottage on Sabotin hill was studied. In total, 609 species of moths were recorded, which is approximately 20% of all moth species known from Slovenia. The largest number of species was recorded at Koritno in Pohorje Mts (214 species) and at the mountain hut on Sabotin (213 species). This location also hosted the largest number of threatened moth species in Slovenia, as eight out of the total of 18 species were recorded there. The main reason for such diversity is presence of undisturbed habitats in the vicinity, and partly absence of light pollution, as the hut had never been illuminated prior to our survey. Our observations confirm that the light pollution affects large number of moth species and should therefore be limited by suitable legislation and carried out in practice. In addition, we provide data on distribution of some rare species found during the survey and before.

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Published

30.12.2015

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Section

Scientific paper

How to Cite

Jež, M., Zakšek, V., Štanta, R., Zadravec, B., & Verovnik, R. (2015). Moth fauna (Lepidoptera) at selected illuminated churches in Slovenia . Natura Sloveniae, 17(2), 17-45. https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.17.2.17-45

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