Contribution to the current distribution, ecology and conservation of the European pond turtle Emys orbicularis (Linnaeus, 1758) in Bela Krajina (SE Slovenia)

Authors

  • Melita Vamberger Museum of Zoology, Senckenberg Dresden, Königsbrücker Landstr. 159, DE-01109 Dresden
  • Marijan Govedič Center za kartografijo favne in flore, Antoličičeva ulica 1, SI-2204 Miklavž na Dravskem polju
  • Gregor Lipovšek Societas herpetologica slovenica – society for the study of amphibians and reptiles, Večna pot 111, SI-1001 Ljubljana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.15.2.23-38

Keywords:

turtles, Emydidae, Bela krajina, Natura 2000

Abstract

Although the European pond turtle is widespread in Bela krajina according to old data, very few recent data are available on its natural history and ecology from this region. Our goal was to determine the population structure of the European pond turtle of Bela krajina and its recent distribution. To do this, we caught and marked 48 individuals in the years 2008-2012. The European pond turtle was found in native and human-made water bodies of four areas. 40% of all caught individuals were up to 10 years of age. We confirmed reproduction at five localities (Prilozje, Zjot, Golek, oxbows of the Obrh stream, Nerajec) and registered nesting sites at ponds Golek and Gornji kal. The allochthonous red-eared slider turtle and yellow-bellied slider were also present at three localities. Our results indicate that the most stable population was found in the upper reaches of the Lahinja River, followed by oxbows of the Obrh stream near Metlika, and the environs of Prilozje and Hrast villages. We additionally present our conservation views and propose the Natura 2000 network to be expanded for this species.

References

Anonymous (1937): Krajevni leksikon Dravske banovine. Ljubljana: Uprava Krajevnega leksikona Dravske banovine. 715 pp.

Cadi A., Joly P. (2000): The introduction of the slide turtle (Trachemys scripta elegans) in Europe: competition for basking sites with the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis). Mertensiella 10: 95-97.

Deschmann C. (1866): Über das Vorkommen der Schlammschlidkröte, Emys lutaria L., in Krain (Naturhistorische Miscelllaneen IV). Mittheilungen des Museal-Vereins für Krain, Laibach 1: 223–224.

Devaux B., Bley S. (1998): Emys orbicularis galoitalica in Provence: an example of a small threatened population. Meternsiella 10: 83-88.

Dražumerič M., Hudoklin A., Ivanovič M. (1992): Krajinski park Lahinja. Zbirka vodnikov kulturni in naravni spomeniki Slovenije 181. Obzorja, Maribor, 34 pp.

Drobenkov S. M. (1999): Characteristic festures of the pond turtle (Emys orbicularis) ecology and morphology in the north of the range area. V: Abstracts, 2nd International Symposium on Emys orbicularis (25–27.6.1999, Le Blanc), p. 10.

Fernández C.A., Rivera A.C. (2004): Asymmetries and accessory scutes in Emys orbicularis from Northwest Spain. Biologia 59(14): 85-88.

Ficetola G. H., Padoa-Schioppa E., Monti A., Massa R., De Bernardi F., Bottoni L. (2004): The importance of aquatic and terrestrial habitat for the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis): implications for conservation planning and management. Can. J. Zool. 82: 1704-1712. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/z04-170

Ficetola G. F., De Bernardi F. (2006): Is the European »pond« turtle Emys orbicularis strictly aquatic and carnivorous? Amphibia-Reptilia 27: 445-447. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/156853806778190079

Freyer H. (1842): Fauna der in Krain bekannten Säugethiere, Vögel, Reptilien und Fische: nach Cuvier's System geordnet, mit Abbildungscitaten und Angabe des Vorkommens: nebst einem vollständigen Register der lateinischen, deutschen und krainischen oder slavischen Namen. Ljubljana: gedruckt in der Eger'schen Gubernial-buchdruckerei, 90 pp. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.59221

Fritz U., Günther R. (1996): Europäische Sumpfschildkröte - Emys orbicularis (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Günther R. (Ed.), Die Amphibien und Reptilien Deutschlands. Jena (Fischer), pp. 518–534.

Fritz U. (2001): Emys orbicularis (Linnaeus, 1758) Europäische Sumpfschildkröte. In: Fritz U. (Ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 3/IIIA: Schildkröten I. Wiebelsheim (Aula), 595 pp.

Fritz U. (2003): Die Europäische Sumpfschildkröte. Bielefeld (Laurenti), 224 pp.

Gibbons J.W. (1968): Observations on the ecology and population dynamics of the Blanding's turtle, Emydoidea blandingi. Canadian Journal of Zoology 46: 288-290. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/z68-043

Hudoklin A. (1995): Iščemo želvo močvirsko sklednico. Proteus 58(4): 178-180.

Jabłoński A. (1998): Zolw blotny. Swiebodzin (Lubuski Klub Przyrodnikow, Monogr. Przyrod., 3: 48.

Jabłoński A., Jabłońska S. (1998): Egg-laying in the European pond turtle, Emys orbicularis (L.). Mertensiella 10: 141-146.

Kistjakowski A.B., Smogoržewskij L.A. (1973): Izučenije orientazii bolotnych čerepach. Westnik Zoologii: 83-85.

Krofel M., Cafuta V., Planinc G., Sopotnik M., Šalamun A., Tome S., Vamberger M., Žagar A. (2009): Razširjenost plazilcev v Sloveniji: pregled podatkov, zbranih do leta 2009. Nat. Slov. 11(2): 61-99.

Lukina G.P. (1966): Presmykajuščijesja zapadnogo Predkawkazja. Unpubl. Dissertation, Univ. Rostow am Don, 233 pp.

Mazzotti S. (1995): Population structure of Emys orbicularis in the Bardello (Po Delta, Northern Italy). Amphibia-Reptilia 16: 77-85. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/156853895X00217

Meeske M. (2006): Die Europäische Sumpfschildkröte am Nördlichen Rand ihrer Verbreitung in Litauen. Supplement der Zeitschrift für Feldherpetologie 11, Laurenti Verlag, 160 pp.

Nemoz M., Cadi A., Thienpont S. (2004): Effects of recreational fishing on survival in an Emys orbicularis population. Biologia 59(14): 185-189.

Perko D., Orožen Adamič M. (Eds.) (1998): Slovenija: pokrajine in ljudje. Ljubljana, Mladinska knjiga, pp. 380-391.

Pieh A., Sättele B. (1998): DGHT-Fond für Herpetologie- Die Europäische Sumpfschildkröte (Emys orbicularis) Mallorcas. Elaphe 6(3): 64-67.

Plut D. (Ed.) (2008): Bela krajina in Krajinski park Lahinja. Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete, Oddelek za geografijo, Ljubljana, 160 pp.

Plut D., Lampič B., Trobec T. (2010): Inventarizacija vodnih virov na območju občin Bele krajine. Oddelek za geografijo Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani. Ljubljana, 59 pp.

Rogner M. (2009): European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis), Edition Chimaira 4, Frankfurt am Main, 271 pp.

Rovero F., Chelazzi G. (1996): Nesting migrations in a population of the European pond turtle Emys orbicularis (L.) (Chelonia Emydidae) from central Italy. Ethol. Ecol. Evol. 8: 297-304. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08927014.1996.9522920

Roques S., Díaz-Paniagua C., Portheault A., Pérez-Santigosa N., Hidalgo-Vila J. (2006): Sperm storage and low incidence of multiple paternity in the European pond turtle, Emys orbicularis: A secure but costly strategy? Biol. Conserv. 129: 236-243. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2005.10.039

Rössler M. (2000): The ecology and reproduction of an Emys orbicularis population in Austria. Chelonii 2: 69-72.

Sajovic G. (1910): Želve v ljubljanski okolici. Carniola 1(2): 178-180.

Sajovic G. (1913): Herpetologični zapiski za Kranjsko. Carniola, Ljubljana 4: 22-52.

Servan J. (1987): Use of radiotelemetry in an ecological study of Emys orbicularis In France. First results. In: Gelder J. J., Van Bergers P. J. M. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 4th Ordinary General Meeting of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica. Nijmegen (Faculty of Sciences / SHE): 357-360.

Servan J. (1988): La Cistude d’Europe, Emys orbicularis, dans les etangs de Brenne, France. Mesogee 48: 91-95.

Servan J. (1998): Ecological study of Emys orbicularis in Brenne (Central France). Mertensiella 10: 245-252.

Schneeweiss N., Britta A., Jendretzke N. (1998): Reproductive ecology data of the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis) in Brandenburg, Northeast Germany. Mertensiella 10: 235-243.

Spomenica (1920): Spomenica Odseka za varstvo prirode in prirodnih spomenikov. Glasnik Muzejskega društva za Slovenijo 1(1-4): 69-75.

Tome S. (1996): Pregled razširjenosti plazilcev v Sloveniji. Ann. Ser. hist. nat. 3: 217-228.

Tome S. (2003): Strokovna izhodišča za vzpostavljanje omrežja Natura 2000. Močvirska sklednica Emys orbicularis (Linnaeus, 1758). Ljubljana, 11 pp.

Ur. l. RS (2004a): Uredba o posebnih varstvenih območjih (območjih Natura 2000). Uradni list RS 14(49): 13173-13395.

Ur. l. RS (2004b): Pravilnik o določitvi in varstvu naravnih vrednot. Uradni list RS 14(111): 6409-6480.

Ur. l. RS (2004c): Uredba o zavarovanih prosto živečih živalskih vrstah. Uradni list RS 14(46): 5963-6016.

Ur. l. EU (2008): Odločba komisije z dne 13. novembra 2007 o sprejetju prvega posodobljenega seznama območij, pomembnih za Skupnost, za celinsko biogeografsko regijo v skladu z Direktivo Sveta 92/43/EGS (notificirano pod dokumentarno številko C(2007) 5403). Uradni list Evropske unije L 12/383, 15.1.2008.

Valvasor J.V. (1689): Die Ehre des Herzogtums Crain, Ljubljana, 3532 pp.

Vamberger M., Kos I. (2011): First observations on some aspects on the natural history of European pond turtles Emys orbicularis in Slovenia. Biologia 66(1): 170-174. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-010-0138-z

Vamberger M., Lipovšek G., Gregorič M. (2012): First reproduction record of Trachemys scripta (Schoepff, 1792), in Slovenia. Herpetozoa 25(1/2): 76-79.

Wermuth H. (1952): Die Europäische Sumpfschildkröte, Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft Geest & Portig K.–G., Leipzig, 40 pp.

Werner F. (1897): Die Reptilien und Amphibien Österreich - Ungarns und der Occupationslaender. Verlag von A. Pichler's Witwe & Sohn, Wien, 166 pp.

Zagmajster M., Skaberne B. (2006): Pregled končnih odločitev Biogeografskega seminarja – Celinska regija, z vključenimi NVO stališči. Darova (CZ), 26. – 28. 4. 2006 (verzija 28. 5. 2006).

Zuffi M.A.L. (2000): Conservation biology of the European pond turtle Emys orbicularis (L.) in Italy. Staphia 69: 219-228.

Published

30.12.2013

Issue

Section

Scientific paper

How to Cite

Vamberger, M., Govedič , M., & Lipovšek, G. (2013). Contribution to the current distribution, ecology and conservation of the European pond turtle Emys orbicularis (Linnaeus, 1758) in Bela Krajina (SE Slovenia) . Natura Sloveniae, 15(2), 23-38. https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.15.2.23-38

Similar Articles

1-10 of 29

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>