Contribution to the knowledge of the spring butterfly fauna of the Republic of Macedonia (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea & Hesperioidea)

Authors

  • Rudi Verovnik University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Biology, Večna pot 111, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.14.2.39-50

Keywords:

fauna, habitat specialists, threatened species, Rhopalocera, distribution

Abstract

In spring 2010, we encountered 60 butterfly species during field surveys centred mainly in the under-surveyed southeastern part of the Republic of Macedonia. We visited 23 localities, where several interesting observations were made. Among these, new sites of some rare species such as Pontia chloridice, Pieris krueperi, Plebejus sephirus, Scolitantides orion, Tarucus balkanicus, Melitaea ornata, Carcharodus orientalis, and Erynnis marloyi should be mentioned. Such a high number of species observed indicates an overall high butterfly diversity of this region, particularly in the lower Vardar valley. Here, several specific habitats hosting rare and threatened species were discovered. The anthropogenic pressure on important butterfly habitat is still low in the surveyed area; however, the first signs of large scale abandonment are already visible.

References

Alberti B. (1922): Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Macrolepidopteren Mazedoniens. Zeitschr. wissensch. Insektenbiologie, 17: 33-40, 73-82.

Franeta F., Kogovšek N., Verovnik R. (2012): On the presence of Pontia chloridice (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) in the Republic of Macedonia. Phegea 40(1b): 17-20.

John E., Russell P., Christofides Y., Hall D. (2008): Notes on the life history, ecology and distribution of Pontia chloridice (Hübner, 1808) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae), and a first record of Hyposoter ebenitor (Aubert, 1972) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) from Cyprus. Entomologist’s Gazette 59: 209–226.

Krpač V.T., Mihajlova B. (1997): Gonepteryx cleopatra (Linnaeus 1767), a new species of the butterfly fauna in Macedonia (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Acta Entomologica Slovenica 5(1): 113-116.

Krpač V.T., Darcemont C. (2012): Red list of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Hesperoidea & Papilionoidea) for Republic of Macedonia. Revue d Ecologie (Terre Vie) 67: 117-122. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3406/revec.2012.1625

Leneveu J., Chichvarkhin A., Wahlberg N. (2009): Varying rates of diversification in the genus Melitaea (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) during the past 20 million years. Biological Journal of Linnaean Society 97: 346-361. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2009.01208.x

Micevski B., Micevski N., Keymeulen A. (2009): Melitaea aurelia Nickerl, 1850 (Nymphalidae, Lepidoptera), a new species for the Republic of Macedonia. Lambillionea 109(3): 322-325.

Rebel H. (1913): Studien Über die Lepidopterenfauna der Balkanländer, part III: Sammelergebnisse aus Montenegro, Albanien, Mazedonien und Thrazien. Annalen des K. K. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums Wien 27: 281-334.

Russell P., Tennent W.J., Pateman J., Varga Z.S., Benyamini D., Pe'er G., Bálint Z., Gascoigne-Pees M. (2007): Further investigations into Melitaea telona Fruhstorfer, 1908 (= ogygia Fruhstorfer, 1908; = emipunica Verity, 1919); (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), with observations on biology and distribution. Entomologists' Gazette 58(3): 137-166.

Schaider P., Jakšić P. (1989): Die Tagfalter von Jugoslawisch Mazedonien (Rhopalocera und Hesperidae). Selbstverlag Paul Scheider, München, 199 pp.

Thomas K. (1993): Die entomologischen reisen von Werner Thomas. Nachrichten der Entomologischer Verrain Apollo, Frankfurt/Main 13(3a): 405-446.

Thurner J. (1964): Die Lepidopterenfauna jugoslavisch Mazedoniens. I. Rhopalocera, Grypocera und Noctuidae. Posebno Izdanie. Prirodonaučen Muzej Skopje 1: 1-158.

Tolman T., Lewington R. (2008): Collins field guide. Butterflies of Britain and Europe. Harper Collins Publishers, London, 384 pp.

Tóth J.P., Varga Z. (2011): Inter- and intraspecific variation in the genitalia of the ‘Melitaea phoebe group’ (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Zoologischer Anzeiger 250: 258-268. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcz.2011.05.002

Tóth J.P., Varga K., Végvári Zs., Varga Z. (2012): Distribution of the Eastern knapweed fritillary (Melitaea ornata Christoph, 1893) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): past, present and future. Journal of Insect Conservation, in press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-012-9503-2

Van Swaay C., Cuttelod A., Collins S., Maes D., Lopez Munguira M., Šašić M., Settele J., Verovnik R., Verstrael T., Warren M., Wiemers M., Wynhof, I. (2010): European Red List of Butterfies. Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union, 48 pp.

Van Swaay C., Maes D., Collins S., Munguira M.L., Šašić M., Settele J., Verovnik R., Warren M., Wiemers M., Wynhoff I., Cuttelod A. (2011): Applying IUCN criteria to invertebrates: how red is the red list of European butterflies? Biological Conservation 144: 470–478. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2010.09.034

Verovnik R., Micevski B. (2008): Chequered skipper (Carterocephalus palaemon) new species for the fauna of the Republic of Macedonia (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Biol. Macedonica 61: 93-96.

Verovnik R., Micevski B., Đurić M., Jakšić P., Keymeulen A., van Swaay C., Veling K. (2010): Contribution to the knowledge of the butterfly fauna of the Republic of Macedonia (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea & Hesperioidea). Acta Entomologica Slovenica 18: 31-46.

Downloads

Published

30.12.2012

Issue

Section

Scientific paper

How to Cite

Verovnik, R. (2012). Contribution to the knowledge of the spring butterfly fauna of the Republic of Macedonia (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea & Hesperioidea). Natura Sloveniae, 14(2), 39-50. https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.14.2.39-50

Similar Articles

1-10 of 202

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>