A contribution to the knowledge of Euphorbia nicaeensis All. and E. lucida W. & K. pollinators


  • Božo Frajman Oddelek za biologijo Biotehniške fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani, Večna pot 111, SI-1000 Ljubljana
  • Cene Fišer Oddelek za biologijo Biotehniške fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani, Večna pot 111, SI-1000 Ljubljana




pollinators, entomogamy, Euphorbia nicaeensis, Euphorbia lucida, Slovenia


The composition of inflorescence visitors of two Euphorbia species is presented and their role as possible pollinators is discussed. Pollinators of Euphorbia nicaeensis were studied in the Slovene Karst, near Sežana, and pollinators of E. lucida on the plants growing on the shores of the intermittent Lake Cerknica (both SW Slovenia) in the middle of June 2000. The comparison between abundance of different animals (especially insects) visiting both Euphorbias is presented.


Barth F.G. (1991): Insects and Flowers: The biology of a Partnership. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Crawley M.J. (Ed.) (1986): Plant ecology. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford.

Frajman B. (2001): Revizija mlečkov ( Euphorbia ) za območje Slovenije. Diplomsko delo, Univerza v Ljubljani, BF, Oddelek za biologijo, Ljubljana.

Fritsch K. (1913): Untersuchungen über Bestäubungsverhältnisse südeuropäischer Pflanzenarten, inbesondere solcher aus dem österreichischen Küstenlande. Sitzber. Akad. Wiss., math. – nat. Klasse, 122 (CXXII), Wien.

Gomez J.M., Zamora R. (1992): Pollination by ants: consequences of the quantitative effects on a mutualistic system. Oecologia 91: 410-418. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00317631

Herrera C.M. (1989): Pollinator abundance, morphology, and flower visitation rate: analysis of the “quantity” component in a plant-pollinator system. Oecologia 80: 241-248. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00380158

Herrera C.M. (1995): Microclimate and individual variation in pollinators: flowering plants are more than their flowers. Ecology 76(5): 1516-1524. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1938153

Heß D. (1983): Die Blüte. Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart. Hölldobler B., Wilson E.O. (1990): The Ants. Harward University Press. 551. pp.

Levin M.D [2001]: Bees, Butterflies, and Blossoms: Our Useful http://www.familyhaven.com/gardening/beesbutterflies.html (20.12.2001). Garden Insects.

Lloyd D.G., Barrett S.C.H. (Eds) (1996): Floral Biology: Studies on Floral Evolution in Animal- Pollinated Plants. Chapman & Hall, New York. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-1165-2

McGavin G.C. (1993): Bugs of the world. Blandford, London.

Primack R.B., Silander J.A. (1975): Measuring the relative importance of different pollinators to plants. Nature 255: 143-144. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/255143a0

Richards A.J. (1986): Plant breeding systems. George Allen & Unwin, London.

Schemske D.W., Horvitz C.C. (1984): Variation Among Floral Visitors in Pollination Ability: A Precondition for Mutualism Specialization. Science 225: 519-521. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.225.4661.519

Schürch S. (1998): Interactions between ants, Euphorbia cyparissias and its pathogenic rust fungi. http://biology.aau.dk/genetic.eco/SCAPE98/stephanieschuerch.html (20.12.2001).

Strasburger E. et al. (Begr.) (1998): Lehrbuch der Botanik für Hochschulen. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart. pp. 691-692, 729-736.

Stresemann E. (Begr.) (1994): Exkursionsfauna von Deutschland - Wirbellose: Insekten. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart.

Traveset A., Saez S.E. (1997): Pollination of Euphorbia dendroides by lizards and insects: Spatio- temporal variation in patterns of flower visitation. Oecologia 111: 241-248. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00008816

Weberling F. (1981): Morphologie der Blüten und der Blütenstände. Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart.





Scientific paper

How to Cite

Frajman, B., & Fišer, C. (2001). A contribution to the knowledge of Euphorbia nicaeensis All. and E. lucida W. & K. pollinators. Natura Sloveniae, 3(2), 19-31. https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.3.2.19-31

Similar Articles

1-10 of 145

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.