A contribution to the knowledge of bat fauna (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of eastern Slovenia

Authors

  • Klemen Koselj Adamičeva 2, SI-1000 Ljubljana
  • Nataša Aupič Svibnik 21, SI-8340 Črnomelj

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.3.2.41-63

Keywords:

bats, Chiroptera, fauna, eastern Slovenia, conservation, nursery, threads

Abstract

Summer records of bats in the hilly area W of the central part of the Sotla river and from Belojača Cave in Haloze are presented. 12 species were found, 3 in Belojača and 11 in the main part of the study area. Bats were observed at their roosts and feeding grounds. 5 nursery colonies were found in churches and castles. 3 belonged to the lesser horseshoe bat Rhinolophus hipposideros, 1 to the serotine Eptesicus serotinus and 1 to the greater mouse-eared bat Myotis myotis. The disappearance of the latter two nursery colonies on account of roof renovation is documented. Some ecological data are also mentioned, including an interesting observation of Aesculapian snake Elaphe longissima in the nursery of the lesser horseshoe bat. The possibility of predation can not be excluded. At the end some recommendations for bat conservation are given.

References

Acharya L. & Fenton M. B. (1999): Bat attacks and moth defensive behaviour around street lights. Can. J. Zool. 77: 27-33. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/z98-202

Ahlén I. (1990): Identification of bats in flight. Swedish Society for Conservation of Nature, Stockholm, 50 pp.

Ahlén I. & Baagøe H. J. (1999): Use of ultrasound detectors for bat studies in Europe: experiences from field identification, surveys, and monitoring, Acta Chiropterologica , 1(2): 137-150.

Arlettaz R. (1996): Feeding behaviour and foraging strategy of free-living mouse-eared bats Myotis myotis and Myotis blythii . Anim. Behav. 51: 1-11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1996.0001

Barataud M. (1996): The world of bats, Acoustic identification of French bats. Sittelle, Mens, 47 pp.

Barlow K. & Jones G. (1999): Roosts, echolocation calls and wing morphology of two phonic types of Pipistrellus pipistrellus. Z. Säugetierkunde 64: 257-268.

Biedermann M. (1997a): Zur Situation der Kleinen Hufeisennase Rhinolophus hipposideros Bechstein, 1800) in Thüringen. In: Ohlendorf B. (Ed.), Tagungsband: "Zur Situation der Hufeisennasen in Europa" Nebra, den 26. – 28. Mai 1995 . Arbeitskreis Fledermäuse Sachsen- Anhalt, Stecklenberg, pp. 19-23.

Biedermann M. (1997b): Das Artenhilfsprogramm Kleine Hufeisennase in Thüringen. In: Ohlendorf B. (Ed.), Tagungsband: "Zur Situation der Hufeisennasen in Europa" Nebra, den 26. – 28. Mai 1995. Arbeitskreis Fledermäuse Sachsen-Anhalt, Stecklenberg, pp. 27-32.

Bontadina F., Hotz T., Gloor S., Beck A., Lutz M. & Mühlethaler E. (1997): Schutz von Jagdgebieten von Rhinolophus ferrumequinum . Umsetzung der Ergebnisse einer Telemetrie-Studie in einem Alpental der Schweiz. In: Ohlendorf B. (Ed.), Tagungsband: "Zur Situation der Hufeisennasen in Europa" Neb r a, den 26. – 28. Mai 1995 . Arbeitskreis Fledermäuse Sachsen-Anhalt, Stecklenberg, pp. 33-40.

Catto C. M. C. & Hutson A. M. (1999): Eptesicus serotinus (Schreber, 1774). In: Mitchell-Jones A.J., Amori G., Bogdanowicz W., Kryštufek B., Reijnders P.J.H., Spitzenberger F., Stubbe M., Thissen J.B.M., Vohralík V., Zima J. (Eds.), Atlas of European Mammals . The Academic Press, London, pp. 142-143.

Catto C. M. C., Hutson A. M., Racey P. A. & Stephenson P. J. (1996): Foraging behaviour and habitat use of the serotine bat ( Eptesicus serotinus ) in southern England. J. Zool. Lond., 238: 623-633. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1996.tb05419.x

Fairon J. (1997): Cotribution à la connaissance du statut des populations de Rhinolophus ferrumequinum et Rhinolophus hipposideros en Belgique et problème de leur conservation. In: Ohlendorf B. (Ed.), Tagungsband: "Zur Situation der Hufeisennasen in Europa" Nebra, den 26. – 28. Mai 1995 . Arbeitskreis Fledermäuse Sachsen-Anhalt, Stecklenberg, pp. 47-54.

Fuhrmann M. & Seitz A. (1992): Nocturnal activity of the brown long-eared bat ( Plecotus auritus L., 1758): data from radiotracking in the Lenneberg forest near Mainz (Germany). In: Swift S. M., Priede I. G. (Eds.), Wildlife telemetry, Remote Monitoring and Tracking of Animals . Chichester, pp. 538-548.

Guillén A. (1999): Myotis capaccinii (Bonaparte, 1837). In: Mitchell-Jones A.J., Amori G., Bogdanowicz W., Kryštufek B., Reijnders P.J.H., Spitzenberger F., Stubbe M., Thissen J.B.M., Vohralík V., Zima J. (Eds.), Atlas of European Mammals . The Academic Press, London, pp. 106- 107.

Haffner M. & Stutz H.P. (1985-1986): Abundance of Pipistrellus pipistrellus and Pipistrellus kuhlii foraging at street-lamps. Myotis 23-24: 167-172.

Häussler U., Nagel A., Braun M. & Arnold A. (2000): External characters discriminating sibling species of European pipistrelles, Pipistrellus pipistrellus (Schreber, 1774) and P. pygmaeus (Leach, 1825). Myotis 37: 27-40.

von Helversen O., Heller K. -G., Mayer A., Nemeth A., Volleth M. & Gombkötö P. (2001): Cryptic mammalian species: a new species of whiskered bat ( Myotis alcathoe n. sp.) in Europe. Naturwissenscha f ten 88: 217-223. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s001140100225

Jones G. & Barratt E. M. (1999): Vespertilio pipistrellus Schreber, 1774 and V . pygmaeus Leach, 1825 (currently Pipistrellus pipistrellus and Pipistrellus pygmaeus ; Mammalia, Chiroptera): proposed designation of neotypes, Case 3073. Bull. zool. Nomencl. 56: 182-186. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.23065

Jones G. & Morton M. (1992): Radio-tracking studies on habitat use by greater horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum). In: Swift S. M., Priede I. G. (Eds.), Wildlife telemetry , Remote Monitoring and Tracking of Animals . Chichester, pp. 521-537.

Kervyn T., Brasseur J. & Libois R. (1997): Utilisation de l ́habitat par la sérotine commune Eptesicus serotinus en Lorraine Belge. Bulletin de la société Neuchateloise des sciences naturelles 120: 35-41.

Kokurewicz T. (1997): Some aspects of the reproduction behaviour of the Lesser Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros) and their consequences for protection. In: Ohlendorf B. (Ed.), Tagungsband : "Zur Situation der Hufeisennasen in Europa" Nebra, den 26. – 28. Mai 1995. Arbeitskreis Fledermäuse Sachsen-Anhalt, Stecklenberg, pp. 77-82.

Koselj K. & Presetnik P. (2000): Popis favne netopirjev z nekaterimi priporočili za varstvo njihovih vrst v Protokolarnem objektu Brdo pri Kranju. Neobjavljeno poročilo, Ljubljana, 14 pp.

Kryštufek B. (1984): Novi in redki netopirji (Chiroptera, Mammalia) v favni Slovenije. Biol. vestn. 32: 45-51.

Kryštufek B. (1991): Sesalci Slovenije. Prirodoslovni muzej Slovenije, Ljubljana, 294 pp.

Kryštufek B. & Červeny J. (1997): New and noteworthy records of bats in Slovenia. Myotis 35: 89- 93.

Kryštufek B. & Hudoklin A. (1999): Netopirji na prezimovališčih v Sloveniji v letih 1994-1996. Annales, Ser. hist. nat. 9, 2 (17): 315-322.

Kunz T. H. & Kurta A. (1988): Capture Methods and Holding Devices. In: Kunz T. H. (Ed.), Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats , Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, London, pp. 77-89.

Liegl A. & von Helversen O. (1987): Jagdgebiet eines Mausohrs ( Myotis myotis ) weitab von der Wochenstube. Myotis 25: 71-76.

Limpens H. J. G. A., Mostert K. & Bongers W. (1997): Atlas van de Nederlandse vleermuisen: onderzoek naar verspreiding en ecologie. Uitgeverij KNNV, Utrecht, 264 pp.

Limpens H. J. G. A. & Roschen A. (1995): Bestimmung der mitteleuropäischen Fledermausarten anhand ihrer Rufe. NABU-Umweltpyramide, Bremervörde, 48 pp.

Masson D. (1999): Pipistrellus savii (Bonaparte, 1837). In: Mitchell-Jones A.J., Amori G., Bogdanowicz W., Kryštufek B., Reijnders P.J.H., Spitzenberger F., Stubbe M., Thissen J.B.M., Vohralík V., Zima J. (Eds.), Atlas of European Mammals . The Academic Press, London, pp. 128- 129.

Mršić N. (1997): Biotska raznovrstnost v Sloveniji, Slovenija – "vroča točka" Evrope. MOP, Uprava RS za varstvo narave, Ljubljana, 129 pp.

Müller E. (1993): Fledermäuse in Baden-Württemberg, Eine Kartierung durch die AG Fledermausschutz Baden-Württemberg in den Jahren 1986-1992. Beih. Veröff. Naturschutz Landpflege Bad.-Württ. 75: 9-96.

Pavšek M. (1999): Srednjesotelsko gričevje. In: Perko D., Orožen Adamič M. (Eds.), Slovenija, pokrajine in ljudje , 2. izdaja, Mladinska knjiga, Ljubljana, pp. 642-651.

Pérez J.L. & Ibáňez C. (1991): Preliminary results on activity rythms nad space use obtained by radio-tracking a colony of Eptesicus serotinus . Myotis 29: 61-66

Presetnik P., Koselj K. & Zagmajster M. (in print): First records of Pipistrellus pygmaeus (Leach, 1825) in Slovenia. Myotis 39

Ransome R. D. (1998): The impact of maternity roost conditions on populations of greater horseshoe bats. English Nature Research Reports , 292, 80 pp.

Ransome R. D. & Hutson A.M. (1999): Revised action plan for conservation of the greater horseshoe bat ( Rhinolophus ferrumequinum ) in Europe, report to the Council of Europe. Council of Europe, Convention on the conservation of european wildlife and natural habitats, Strasbourg, T-PVS 11 rev.: 48 pp.

Robinson M. F. & Stebbings R. E. (1997a): Activity of the serotine bat, Eptesicus serotinus in England. Myotis , 35: 5-16.

Robinson M. F. & Stebbings R.E. (1997b): Home range and habitat use by the serotine bat, Eptesicus serotinus, in England. J. Zool., Lond. , 243: 117-136. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1997.tb05759.x

Rudolf B.-U. & Liegl A. (1990): Sommerverbreitung und Siedlungsdichte des Mausohrs Myotis myotis in Nordbayern. Myotis , 28: 19-38.

Rydell J. (1992): Exploitation of insects around streetlamps by bats in Sweden. Functional Ecology 6: 744-750. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2389972

Schober W. & Grimmberger E. (1987): Die Fledermäuse Europas, kennen – bestimmen – schützen. Kosmos, Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart, 222 pp.

Schofield H. W. (1999): Rhinolophus hipposideros (Bechstein, 1800). In: Mitchell-Jones A.J., Amori G., Bogdanowicz W., Kryštufek B., Reijnders P.J.H., Spitzenberger F., Stubbe M., Thissen J.B.M., Vohralík V., Zima J. (Eds.), Atlas of European Mammals . The Academic Press, London, pp. 96-97.

Spitzenberger F. (1993): Angaben zu Sommerverbreitung, bestandsgrößen und Siedlungsdichten einiger gebäudebewohnender Fledermäuse Kärntens. Myotis 31: 69-109.

Spitzenberger F. (1995): Die Säugetiere Kärntens, Teil 1: Insektenfresser, Fledermäuse, Hasentiere, Hörchenartige, Schläfer und Hüpfmäuse. Carinthia II 185/105: 247-352.

Stebbings R. E. (1995): Why should bats be protected? A challenge for conservation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56(Suppl.): 103-118. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.1995.tb01125.x

Swift S. M. & Racey P.A. (1983): Resource partitioning in two species of vespertilionid bats (Chiroptera) occupying the same roost. J. Zool. Lond. 200: 249-259. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1983.tb05787.x

Trilar T. (1996): Poročilo o delu skupine za sesalce in ektoparazite. In: Bedjanič M. (Ed.), Raziskovalni tabor študentov biologije Kozje '95. Zveza organizacij za tehnično kulturo Slovenije, Gibanje Znanost mladini, Ljubljana, pp. 69-74.

Vernier E. & Bogdanowicz W. (1999): Pipistrellus kuhlii (Kuhl, 1817). In: Mitchell-Jones A.J., Amori G., Bogdanowicz W., Kryštufek B., Reijnders P.J.H., Spitzenberger F., Stubbe M., Thissen J.B.M., Vohralík V., Zima J. (Eds.), Atlas of European Mammals . The Academic Press, London, pp. 120-121.

Weid R. & von Helversen O. (1987): Ortnungsrufe europäischer Fledermäuse beim Jagdflug im Freiland. Myotis , 25: 5-27.

Wraber M. (1969): Pflanzengeographische Stellung und Gliederung Sloweniens. Vegetatio 16: 176- 199. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01965908

Zahn A. & Schlapp G. (1997): Bestandsentwicklung und aktuelle Situation der Kleinen Hufeisennase (Rhinolophus hipposideros) in Bayern. In: Ohlendorf B. (Ed.), Tagungsband: "Zur Situation der Hufeisennasen in Europa" Neb r a, den 26. – 28. Mai 1995 . Arbeitskreis Fledermäuse Sachsen-Anhalt, Stecklenberg, pp. 177-182.

Published

30.12.2001

Issue

Section

Scientific paper

How to Cite

Koselj, K., & Aupič, N. (2001). A contribution to the knowledge of bat fauna (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of eastern Slovenia. Natura Sloveniae, 3(2), 41-63. https://doi.org/10.14720/ns.3.2.41-63

Similar Articles

11-20 of 175

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.