Temporal demarcations of the verb “durar”: a valencial-combinatorial analysis
Keywords:verbal valence, time, durar, corpus linguistic
Time is one of the elements of the verbal predicate which has attracted less interest in reflections on language and grammar, because it was usually categorized as a marginal component within the clause. This paper aims at showing an overview of the mechanisms of temporal delimitations in the Spanish verb durar, establishing what the status of this kind of complement is in terms of argument structure, the marking of specific syntactic functions and the specific forms adopted by them in the actual use. Based on a valency perspective and corpus linguistic methods, our study reconsiders the role played by temporal components in predicate constructions of durar using frequency and co-occurrence data provided by the Spanish corpus created by Mark Davies. The analysis of the temporal complements of durar evidences that time is an essential constituent of their meaning and must be considered as an integral feature of their verbal valence, despite being an element that takes different representational forms in discourse. Viewing the phenomenon of verbal temporal demarcations from this point of view allows us to check how time is conceptualized in Spanish in actual usage, to overcome the concept of temporal specifications as marginal elements of the verbal predication and to open new angles on linguistic research in Spanish Automatic Translation or Spanish Second Language Acquisition.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal Verba Hispanica by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.