‘Past of the past’ – data for the history of Portuguese pluperfect
Keywords:pluperfect, perfect, history of the Portuguese language, innovation, obsolescence
In contemporary Portuguese the use of the simple pluperfect is quite limited, and it is usually described as being confined to more formal styles. But the analysis of extant written records from earlier periods seems to show a more frequent and less restricted use of this verb form, and also that it could express, in different contexts, not only temporal but also modal values. Following previous research (e.g. Brocardo 2010), it is my purpose to contribute to a diachronic approach of the Portuguese pluperfect, evidencing the various types of linguistic change that affected this verb form. In this paper I analyse data from the 13th to the 16th centuries that attest both the temporal and modal readings of the simple pluperfect, as well as the competition between the simple and compound verb forms. Aiming at a more broad approach of the diachronic processes affecting verb forms and constructions, I try to compare the evolutions of the pluperfect and perfect (‘pretérito perfeito’), emphasizing the similarities and divergences that can be observed. Within this comparison I discuss the following topics: competition of simple and compound verb forms, including inherited compound forms (with ser, ‘be’), and innovative compound forms that were the result of the grammaticalization of verbal periphrases (with haver/ter, ‘have’); the obsolescence of (modal) meaning of the simple pluperfect and partial obsolescence of this verb form, in contrast with the continuity of the simple perfect and the emergence of innovative values of the compound perfect (‘pretérito perfeito composto’).
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal Verba Hispanica by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.