A new interpretation of «El cacique de Turmequé» by Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda
Keywords:Legend, chronicle, historical time, re-write
Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda is remembered for her controversial and progressive beliefs. She established a reputation early in her career as a talented writer whose unconventional behavior was as well known as her works. During her lifetime, Avellaneda enjoyed literary and commercial success in several genres, including poetry, drama, essays, and lengends. In the legend «El cacique de Tumequé» written in 1860 and published in 1871, Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda re-interpretes Juan Rodríguez Freyle‘s El carnero o conquista y descubrimiento del Nuevo Reino de Granada (1636-1638). Through this essay it will be displayed how Avellaneda with «The cacique of Turmequé» presents a vision of Nueva Granada distinct to that of the chronicler Juan Rodríguez Freyle. In this way, the female writer manipulates historical time, to propose to the Spanish public of the 19th century another version of the conquest, one that was not that of the victors, but of the vanquished; distancing herself from the dominant discourse of her time. In «El cacique de Tumequé», Avellaneda challenges the political power of the colonial era that positioned women as inferior human beings. In her narrative, she breaks away from the established order, especially against the misogynist remarks from El carnero, a chronicle that consistently criticized and ridiculed women. Gómez de Avellaneda‘s work deconstructs the social and political institutions that emphasized the idea that women were intellectually subordinate. Moreover, in «El cacique de Turmequé» she defendes the dignity of the indigenous population, by reaffirming their integrity and liberty in the colonial society.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal Verba Hispanica by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.