The Papiamento – a linguistic treasure
Keywords:Papiamento, creole, history, text analysis, Kompa Nanzi
Papiamento, a creole language spoken by approximately 200.000 people on three Caribbean islands, Aruba, Bonaire and Curacao, has recently acquired official status and has been recognized as an official language, besides the Dutch in the Kingdom of The Netherlands.
However, the privilege, which it enjoys today, is a result of many centuries of generations speaking it clandestinely and Papiamento had always been forced to subsist in the shadows of the languages spoken by its colonizers, mostly Spanish and Dutch.
Overall, this particular language contains traces of ancestral Arawak people, its native population, African influences brought to the island of Curacao, which was one of the biggest slave ports during centuries, as well as the influence of Portuguese and French but mostly of Dutch and Spanish.
In this great melting pot, people created this language in order to communicate with each other but it always had a secondary role, with its literature, its culture hidden until recently. However, what used to be just a pidgin at first turned into a mother tongue of a nation, conferring on Papiamento the status of a creole language.
The main objective of this article is to expose the history, the evolutions and the different influences, that contributed to the formation of this creole, which despite some controversies, is a Hispanic creole language. Seven stories have been selected to be analyzed in order to show the different influences in the Papiamento’s vocabulary and to reaffirm that Papiamento is a Hispanic creole language.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2016 Maya Choghari
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal Verba Hispanica by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.