The Receptive and Productive Knowledge of a Foreign and Second Language - Analysis of the 2013 Italian Language Competition Tasks
The purpose of this paper is to analize the subsets and the tasks of the competition in Italian as a foreign and second language in 2013. We were particularly interested in the share of the subsets and in the balance of receptive and productive tasks in the exams as well as in each particular subset. With the analysis of the subsets, it was found that in some of the four exams the subsets were unevenly represented. With a more detailed analysis of the tasks regarding the balance of receptive and productive tasks it was discovered that at levels A1 and A2 the exams were appropriately balanced, whereas at levels B1 and B2 the balance was not so good. While there were as many as two-thirds of the tasks in the exam for the level B1, which is intended for students that do not come from a bilingual area, productive, there were such only half of the tasks in the exam for the level B2, intended for students living in the bilingual area. In addition, the subset „communication“ consisted of almost exclusively receptive tasks.
In the future, the shares of the sections and the balance of receptive and productive tasks will need some further consideration regarding two criteria: the students competing in the competition are the best students in Italian so the share of productive tasks should not fall below 50% and in addition, the difference between students coming from bilingual area and the others should be taken into account.
Key words: Italian, foreign / second language, testing, receptive tasks, productive tasks.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal Journal for Foreign Languages by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the publisher right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.