Krnitev s sklapljanjem kot besedotvorni proces

Primerjalna analiza med angleškimi in francoskimi sklopi

Avtorji

  • Tina Grlj

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/vestnik.14.85-106

Ključne besede:

sklopi, krnitev s sklapljanjem, besedotvorni procesi, besedotvorni krn

Povzetek

Čeprav obstaja več načinov ustvarjanja novih besed, je pričujoči članek osredotočen na morfološki proces, ki ga imenujemo krnitev s sklapljanjem. Resda ta besedotvorni proces vse bolj pridobiva na priljubljenosti, a je pravzaprav precej slabo definiran, prav tako pa ni jasno ločen od ostalih besedotvornih procesov. Krnitev s sklapljanjem je prisotna v mnogih jezikih in je izjemen pokazatelj iznajdljivosti jezika.

Prvi del članka je sestavljen iz pregleda temeljnih značilnosti sklapljanja in sklopov. Drugi del članka je praktične narave. Nekatere ključne značilnosti sklopov, obravnavane v prvem delu, so testirane na podlagi korpusa, ki je bil sestavljen posebej za ta namen in vsebuje 458 angleških in 396 francoskih sklopov. Tvorjenke iz posameznega jezika so analizirane ločeno, z namenom, da se razkrijejo morebitne večje razlike med angleščino in francoščino. Osrednje točke analize so: besedne vrste sklopov in izvornih besed, ki vstopajo v posamezen sklop, prisotnost ali odsotnost skrajšanja izvornih besed, vrsta krajšanja izvornih besed, strukturni vzorci sklopov, prisotnost ali odsotnost prekrivanja izvornih besed, vrsta prekrivanja in pogostost vrivanja ene izvodne besede v drugo. Vsaka od teh točk vsebuje tudi statistično analizo korpusa, ki razkriva morebitne izrazite strukturne vzorce v obeh jezikih. Dodatno pa članek nekatere točke analize primerja z najdbami, ki jih je Vincent Renner opisal v svojem delu French and English lexical blends in contrast (2018). Njegov analiza temelji na 97 francoskih in 374 angleških sklopih, ki jih je avtor odkril v dveh slovarjih, in sicer v francoskem Grand Robert de la langue française in angleškem Shorter Oxford English Dictionary.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

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Objavljeno

23. 12. 2022

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Kako citirati

Grlj, T. (2022). Krnitev s sklapljanjem kot besedotvorni proces: Primerjalna analiza med angleškimi in francoskimi sklopi. Vestnik Za Tuje Jezike, 14(1), 85-106. https://doi.org/10.4312/vestnik.14.85-106