Research on the involment of phenoloics in the defence of horticultural plants

Authors

  • Ana SLATNAR University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical faculty, Agronomy department, Chair for Fruit, Wine and Vegetable Growing, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Maja MIKULIČ-PETKOVŠEK University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical faculty, Agronomy department, Chair for Fruit, Wine and Vegetable Growing, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Robert VEBERIČ University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical faculty, Agronomy department, Chair for Fruit, Wine and Vegetable Growing, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Franci ŠTAMPAR University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical faculty, Agronomy department, Chair for Fruit, Wine and Vegetable Growing, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2016.107.1.18

Keywords:

Malus domestica Borkh., fruits, vegetables, infection by fungy and bacteria, phenolics

Abstract

Phenolic compounds are not directly involved in the primary metabolism of plants but possess a number of important roles: (1) serving as attractants for pollinators and various animals, involved in the transfer of seeds, (2) plant protection from herbivores and against pathogen infection, (3) defining plant-plant relationships and the symbiosis between plants and microbes. The present review of our research work stresses the role of phenolic compounds in the defense mechanism against different fungi and bacteria. It has been established, that the content of phenolics is greatly affected by the infection with pathogenic organisms. Studies on several horticultural plants have demonstrated that the response to infection differs among the analyzed plant species. Generally, an increase of phenolic compounds can be expected in tissues near the infection site. The comparison of healthy and infected tissue reflects an increase of phenolics in infected tissues. Higher levels of all analyzed phenolic groups have been measured in the latter, with the exception of the anthocyanins. Based on the findings of many-year research studies, it can be concluded that phenolic compounds are involved in the plant defense mechanisms, but the response varies among species.

References

Bors W. and Michel C., 2002: Chemistry of the antioxidant effect of polyphenols. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 957: 57–69. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2002.tb02905.x

Chardonnet, C.O., Charron, C.S., Sams, C.E. and Conway, W.S., 2003: Chemical changes in the cortical tissue and cell walls of calcium in filtrated ’Golden Delicious’ apples during storage. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 28: 97−111. DOI: 10.1016/S0925-5214(02)00139-4

Dixon, R. and Paiva, N., 1995: Stress-induced phenylpropanoid metabolism. Plant Cell, 7: 1085–1097. DOI: 10.1105/tpc.7.7.1085

Feucht, W., Treutter, D. and Schwalb, P., 1998: Principles of barrier formation of scab infected fruits. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 105, 4: 394-403.

Gosch, C., Halbwirth, H. and Stich, K., 2010: Phloridzin: biosynthesis, distribution and physiological relevance in plants. Phytochemistry, 71: 838–843. DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2010.03.003

Hrazdina, G., Borejsza-Wysocki, W. and Lester, C., 1997: Phytoalexin production in an apple cultivar resistant to Venturia inaequalis. Phytopathology, 87: 868–876. DOI: 10.1094/PHYTO.1997.87.8.868

Lattanzio, V., Lattanzio, V.M.T. and Cardinali, A., 2006: Role of phenolics in the resistance mechanisms of plants against fungal pathogens and insects. In: Imperato F, ed. Phytochemistry: Advances in Research, Research Signpost: Trivandrum, India, 23–67.

Lattanzio, V., Kroon, P. A., Quideau, S. and Treutter, D. (2008) Plant Phenolics – Secondary Metabolites with Diverse Functions, in Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research, Volume 1 (eds F. Daayf and V. Lattanzio), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK

Leser, C. and Treutter, D., 2005: Effect of nitrogen supply on growth content of phenolic compounds and pathogen (scab) resistance of apple trees. Physiologia Plantarum, 123: 49-56. DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2004.00427.x

MacHardy, W.E. 1996: Apple scab, biology, epidemiology, and management. APS St Paul Minn, USA.

Martini, S., D’Addario, C., Colacevich, A., Focardi, S., Borghini, F., Santucci, A., Figura, N. and Rossi, C., 2009: Antimicrobial activity against Helicobacter pylori strains and antioxidant properties of blackberry leaves (Rubus ulmifolius) and isolated compounds. International journal of antimicrobial agents, 34, 1: 50-59. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2009.01.010

Maurya, S., Singh, R., Singh, D.P., Singh, H.B., Srivastava, J.S. and Singh, U.P., 2007: Phenolic compounds of Sorghum vulgare in response to Sclerotium rolfsii infection. Journal of Plant Interactions, 2: 25–29. DOI: 10.1080/17429140701422504

Mayr, U., Michalek, S., Treutter, D. and Feucht, W., 1997: Phenolic compounds of apple and their relationship to scab resistance. Journal of Phytopathology, 145: 69-75. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0434.1997.tb00366.x

Mikulič-Petkovšek, M., Štampar, F. and Veberič, R., 2008: Increased phenolic content in apple leaves infected with the apple scab pathogen. Journal of Plant Pathology, 90: 49-55.

Mikulič-Petkovšek, M., Štampar, F. and Veberič, R., 2009: Accumulation of phenolic compounds in apple in response to infection by the scab pathogen, Venturia inaequalis. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 74: 60–67. DOI: 10.1016/j.pmpp.2009.09.003

Mikulič-Petkovšek, M., Slatnar, A., Štampar, F. and Veberič, R. 2011: Phenolic compounds in apple leaves after infection with apple scab. Biologia Plantarum, 55: 725–30. DOI: 10.1007/s10535-011-0176-6

Mikulič-Petkovšek, M., Schmitzer, v., Slatnar, A., Weber, N., Veberič R., Štampar, F., Munda, A. and Koron, D., 2013: Alteration of the content of primary and secondary metabolites in strawberry fruit by Colletotrichum nymphaeae infection. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 61, 25: 5987-5995. DOI: 10.1021/jf402105g

Mikulič-Petkovšek, M., Schmitzer, V., Štampar, F., Veberič R. and Koron D., 2014: Changes in phenolic content induced by infection with Didymella applanata and Leptosphaeria coniothyrium, the causal agents of raspberry spur and cane blight. Plant Pathology, 63, 1: 185-192. DOI: 10.1111/ppa.12081

Quave, C.L., Estevez-Carmona, M., Compadre, C.M., Hobby, G., Hendrickson, H., Beenken, K.E. and Smeltzer, M.S., 2012: Ellagic acid derivatives from Rubus ulmifolius inhibit Staphylococcus aureus biofilm formation and improve response to antibiotics. PLoS One, 7: E28737. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028737

Rusjan, D., Veberič, R. and Mikulič-Petkovšek, M., 2012: The response of phenolic compounds in grapes of the variety ‘Chardonnay’ (Vitis vinifera L.) to the infection by phytoplasma Bois noir. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 133: 965–974. DOI: 10.1007/s10658-012-9967-7

Russell, W.R., Labat, A., Scobbie, L., Duncan, G.J. and Duthie, G.G., 2009: Phenolic acid content of fruits commonly consumed and locally produced in Scotland. Food Chemistry, 115: 100–104. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.11.086

Sammi, S. and Masud, T., 2009: Effect of different packaging systems on the quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum var. Rio Grande) fruits during storage. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 44: 918−926. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2007.01649.x

Scalbert, A., 1991: Antimicrobial properties of tannins. Phytochemistry, 30: 3875–3883. DOI: 10.1016/0031-9422(91)83426-L

Schovankova, J. and Opatova, H., 2011: Changes in phenols composition and activity of phenylalanine-ammonia lyase in apples after fungal infections. Horticultural science (Prague), 38: 1-10.

Schwalb, P. and Feucht, W., 1999: Changes in the concentration of phenolic substances in the bark during the annual development of the cherry tree (Prunus avium L.). Advances in Horticultural Science, 13: 71–75.

Scortichini, M. editor. Annual COST 873 Meeting e MCM. Bacterial diseases of Stone fruits and Nuts; 2009. p. 72. Book of Abstracts, 2009 Oct 26-29; Cetara, Italy.

Shirley, B.W., 1996: Flavonoid biosynthesis: ‘new’ functions for an ‘old’ pathway. Trends in plant science, 11: 377-382.

Slatnar, A., Mikulič-Petkovšek, M., Halbwirth, H., Štampar, F., Stich, K. and Veberič, R., 2010: Enzyme activity of the phenylpropanoid pathway as a response to apple scab infection. Annals of Applied Biology, 156: 449-456. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.2010.00402.x

Slatnar, A., Mikulič-Petkovšek, M., Halbwirth, H., Štampar, F., Stich, K. and Veberič, R., 2012: Polyphenol metabolism of developing apple skin of a scab resistant and a susceptible apple cultivar. Trees – Structure and Function, 26: 109–119.

Solar, A., Dreo, T., Mikulič-Petkovšek, M., Likozar, A., Suštaršič, M., Veberič, R., Matičič, L., Ravnikar, M. and Štampar, F., 2009: Phenolic compounds as potential markers for walnut blight resistance. COST 873 Annual Meeting of working groups 1, 2, 3 and 4. Cetara (SA), Italy. Available from:http://www.cost873.ch/_uploads/_files/ASolar_Walnut-Phenolics_ Italy.pdf

Solar, A., Jakopič, J., Veberič R. and Štampar F., 2012: Correlation between Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis severity and endogenous juglone and phenolic acids in walnut. Journal of Plant Pathology, 94, 1: 229-235.

Strack D., 1997: Phenolic metabolism. In: Dey P.M. Harborne J.B. (eds). Plant Biochemistry, pp. 387-416. Academic Press, London, UK. DOI: 10.1016/b978-012214674-9/50011-4

Treutter, D. and Feucht, W., 1990: Accumulation of flavan-3-ols in fungus-infected leaves of Rosaceae. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 97: 634–641.

Treutter, D., 2006: Significance of flavonoids in plant resistance: a review. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 4: 147–57. DOI: 10.1007/s10311-006-0068-8

Usenik, V., Mikulič-Petkovšek M., Solar, A. and Štampar, F., 2004: Flavonols of leaves in relation to apple scab resistance. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten and Pflanzenschutz, 111: 137-144.

Veluri, R., Weir, T.L., Bais, H.P., Termitz, F.R.S. and Ivanco, J.M.V., 2004: Phytotoxic and antimicrobial activities of catechin derivatives. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 52: 1077-1082. DOI: 10.1021/jf030653+

Zhou, L.G., Li, D., Jiang, W.B., Qin, Z.Z., Zhao, S., Qiu, M.H. and Wu, J.Y., 2007: Two ellagic acid glycosides from Gleditsia sinensis Lam. with antifungal activity on Magnaporthe grisea. Natural product research, 21: 303−309. DOI: 10.1080/14786410701192702

Downloads

Published

6. 04. 2016

Issue

Section

Agronomy section

How to Cite

SLATNAR, A., MIKULIČ-PETKOVŠEK, M., VEBERIČ, R., & ŠTAMPAR, F. (2016). Research on the involment of phenoloics in the defence of horticultural plants. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 107(1), 183–189. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2016.107.1.18

Similar Articles

1-10 of 236

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>