Chemical constituents of essential oil of Dracocephalum moldavica L. and Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss. from Iran

Authors

  • Ahmad Reza GOLPARVAR Department of Plant Breeding, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
  • Amin HADIPANAH Department of Horticultural, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Mehdi GHEISARI Department of Chemistry, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
  • Reza KHALILIAZAR Department of Plant Breeding, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2016.107.1.03

Keywords:

Dracocephalum moldavica L., Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss., chemical constitutes of essential oils

Abstract

Dracocephalum moldavica L. and Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss. are aromatic plants belonging to Lamiaceae family. The aim of this study was to identify the chemical components of D. kotschyi and D. moldavica from Iran. The aerial parts of D. kotschyi were collected from (Kamu Mountain) Isfahan province and the aerial parts of D. moldavica were collected from Sari (Mazandaran province) North of Iran, during 2014. The essential oil was extracted by a Clevenger approach and analyzed using GC/MS. In total, 32 and 24 compounds were identified in the essential oil from the aerial parts D. kotschyi and D. moldavica, respectively. The results obtained in our study indicated that the major components in the oil D. kotschyi were limonene (23.56 %), carvacrol (14.65 %), γ-terpinene (12.99 %), α -pinene (12.62 %), 2-methyl-1-octen-3-yne (9.73 %), camphene (4.66 %), myrcene (3.65 %) and α -terpinene (3.12 %). The major constituents of the oil D. moldavica were geranyl acetate (36.62 %), geraniol (24.31 %), neral (16.25 %) and geranial (11.21 %). D. kotschyi is one of the important sources of limonene and D. moldavica is one of the important sources of geranyl acetate.

References

AbdEl-Baky H.H., El-Baroty G.S. (2007). Chemical and biological evaluation of the essential oil of Dracocephalum moldavica L. Chemical and biological evaluation of the essential oil, International Journal of Integrative Biology. 2 (2): 74-80.

Adams R.P. (2007). Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometery, 4th edition (Allured Publishing Corporation, Carol Stream, IL) 456.

Alaei S., Mahna N. (2013). Comparison of essential oil

composition in Dracocephalum moldavica in greenhouse and field. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants. 16 (3): 346-351. DOI: 10.1080/0972060X.2013.813237

Aziz E.E., El-Danasoury M.M., Craker L.E. (2010). Impact of sulfur and ammonium sulfate on dragonhead plants grown in newly reclaimed soil. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants. 16 (2): 126-135. DOI: 10.1080/10496475.2010.508973

Aziz E.E., El-Sherbeny S.E. (2003). Productivity of dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica L.) plants grown under Egyptian condition and their response to cattle manure and different ratios of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilization. Egypt. Journal of Applied Sciences. 18: 580-596.

Bohlmann J., Meyer-Guene G., Croeau R. (1998). Plant terpenoid synthases: Molecular biology and phylogenetic analysis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 95: 4126-4133. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.95.8.4126

Bohlmann J., Steele C.L., Croteau R. (1997). Monoterpene synthases from grand fir (Abiesgrandis) cDNA isolation, characterization, and functional expression of myrcene synthase, (-)-(4S)-limonene synthase, and (-)-(1S,5S)-pinene synthase. Journal Biology Chemistry. 272: 21784-21792. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.272.35.21784

Chachoyan A.A., Oganesyan G.B. (1996). Antitumor of some species of family Lamiaceae. Rastitel, 32 (4): 59-64.

Chu S.S., Liu S.L., Liu Q.Z., Liu Z.L., Du S.S. (2011). Composition and toxicity of Chinese Dracocephalum moldavica (Labiatae) essential oil against two grain storage insects. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 5 (21): 5262-5267.

Dastmalchi K., Dorman H.J.D., Laakso I., Hiltunen R. (2007). Chemical composition and antioxidative activity of moldavian balm (Dracocephalum moldavica L.) extracts. Food Sciences Technology – LEB. 40: 1655-1663.

Davazdahemami S., Sefidkon F. Jahansooz M.R., Mazaheri. D. (2008). Comparison of biological yield, essential oil content and composition and phonological stages of moldavian balm (Dracocephalum moldavica L.) in three planting dates. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Research. 24 (3): 263-270.

Fattahi M., Nazeri V., Torras-Claveria L., Sefidkon F., Cusido R.M., Zamani Z., Palazon J. (2013). Identification and quantification of leaf surface flavonoids in wildgrowing populations of Dracocephalum kotschyi by LC–DAD–ESI-MS. Food Chemistry. 141 (1): 139–146. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.03.019

Ghasemi Pirbalouti A., Mohammadi M. (2013). Phytochemical composition of the essential oil of different populations of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 3: 123–128. DOI: 10.1016/S2221-1691(13)60036-2

Golparvar A.R., Hadipanah A., Mehrabi A.M. (2015). Diversity in chemical composition from two ecotypes of (Mentha longifolia L.) and (Mentha spicata L. (in Iran climatic conditions. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences. 6 (4): 26-33.

Golshani S., Karamkhani F., Monsef-Esfehani H.R., Abdollahi M. (2004). Antinociceptive effects of the essential oil of Dracocephalum kotschyi in the mouse writhing test. Journal Pharmacognosy Pharmaceutical ASciences. 7: 76-79.

Hashemian Ahmadi S.H., Hadipanah A. (2014). The effect of swoing date, planting density and bio-fertilizers on the essential oil content of Dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica L.) in Sari climatic condition. Electronic Journal of Biology. 10 (3): 98-106.

Hawthorne S.B., Riekkola M.L., Serenius K., Holm Y., Hiltunen R.,

Hartonen K. (1993). Comparison of hydro distillation and super critical fluid extraction for the determination of essential oils in aromatic plants. Journal of Chromatography. 634: 297-308. DOI: 10.1016/0021-9673(93)83017-M

Javidnia K., Miri R., Fahham N., Mehregan I. (2005). Composition of the essential oil of Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss. from Iran. Journal of Essential Oil Research. 17: 481-482. DOI: 10.1080/10412905.2005.9698970

Kakasy A., Lemberkovics E., Simandi B., Lelik L., Hethelyi E. (2006). Comparative study of traditional essential oil and supercritical fluid extracts of moldavian Dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica L.). Flavour and Fragrance Journal. 21:598-603. DOI: 10.1002/ffj.1569

Li J.B., Ding Y. (2001). Studies on chemical constituents form (Dracocephalum moldavica L.). Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi. 26: 697-698.

Maham M., Akbari H., Delazar A. (2013). Chemical composition and antinociceptive effect of the essential oil of Dracocephalum moldavica L. Pharmaceutical Sciences. 18(4): 187-192.

Morteza-Semnani K., Akbarzadeh M., Moshiri K. (2007). Essential oil composition of Dracocephalum moldavica L. from Iran. International Journal of Biology Biotechnology. 4: 57-60.

Mozaffarian V. (2008). A pictorial dictionary of botany botanical taxonomy Latin-English-French-Germany-Persian. Germany: Koeltz Scientific Books. 522.

Omidbaigi R., Borna F. Borna T., Inotai K. (2010). Sowing dates affecting on the essential oil content of dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica L.) and its constituents. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants. 12: 580-58. DOI: 10.1080/0972060X.2009.10643761

Rajaonarivony J.I.M., Gershenzon J., Croteau R. (1992). Characterization and mechanism of 4-slimonene synthase, a monoterpenecyclase from the glandular trichomes of peppermint (Mentha × piperita). Arch Biochemistry Biophys. 296: 49-57. DOI: 10.1016/0003-9861(92)90543-6

Richinger H. (1986). Flora Iranica, Labiatae, vol.150. Graz, Austria: Akademische Druck Verlagsantalt. 218 230.

Saeidnia S., Sepehrizadeh Z., Gohari A.R., Amin G., Manay A., Hadjiakhoondi A. (2014). Monoterpene synthase from Dracocephalum kotschyi and SPME-GC-MS analysis of its aroma profile. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy. 1 (2): 11-21.

Salehi M., Hesamzadeh-Hejazi S.M., Tabaei Aghdaei S.R. (2014). Cytogenetic studies of two Dracocephalum (Lamiaceae) species and populations in Iran. International Journal of Biosciences. 4 (9): 100-108.

Shatar S., Altanstetseg S. (2000). Essential oil composition of some plants cultivated in Monogolian climate. Journal of Essential Oil Research. 12: 745-750. DOI: 10.1080/10412905.2000.9712206

Thompson J.D., Chalchat J.C., Michet A. (2003). Qualitative and quantitative variation in monoterpene co-occurrence and composition in the essential oil of Thymus vulgaris chemotypes. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 29 (4): 858-880. DOI: 10.1023/A:1022927615442

Tian S.G., Zhou X.Y., Zhang F., An D.Q., Yang T. (2009). Essential oil composition of the Dracocephalum moldavica L. from Xinjiang in China. Pharmacognosy Research. 1: 172-174.

Yaghmai M.S., Tafazzoli R. (1988). The essential oil of Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss. Flavour and Fragrance Journal. 3: 33-36. DOI: 10.1002/ffj.2730030107

Downloads

Published

6. 04. 2016

Issue

Section

Agronomy section

How to Cite

GOLPARVAR, A. R., HADIPANAH, A., GHEISARI, M. M., & KHALILIAZAR, R. (2016). Chemical constituents of essential oil of Dracocephalum moldavica L. and Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss. from Iran. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 107(1), 25–31. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2016.107.1.03

Similar Articles

1-10 of 237

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.