Effects of tuber size, soaking hours and sprouting media on sprouting of tiger nut (Cyperus esculentus L. var. sativa) tubers

Authors

  • Thomas Oladeji Fabunmi Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
  • Sunday Ojo Adigbo Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
  • Joy Nwakaego Odedina Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
  • Yanmife Iyanu Akinsanya Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2016.107.2.08

Keywords:

soaking hours, sprouting media, tiger nut, tuber sizes

Abstract

Tiger nut, Cyperus esculentus L., is one of the underutilized and neglected food crops in most parts of the world leading to limited information on its production technology. A trial arranged in a 3×4×2 factorial of a completely randomized design was conducted in a green house of the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, to evaluate the effects of tuber size (large, medium and small), soaking duration (0, 24, 48 and 72 hours) and sprouting media (cotton wool and polythene bag) on the sprouting of tiger nut. Significant interactions were observed between growth media and soaking hours as well as between tuber sizes and soaking hours on the sprouting of tiger nut. Soaking beyond 24 hours before placement in sprouting medium led to a significant reduction in number of sprouted tubers in polythene bags. Small sized tubers had reduced (p<0.05) number of sprouts when soaked beyond 24 hours. Sprouting of tiger nut was better using medium size tubers soaked for 24 hours and placed between layers of cotton wool.

Author Biographies

  • Thomas Oladeji Fabunmi, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
    Senior Lecturer, Department of Plant Physiology and Crop Production, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta.
  • Sunday Ojo Adigbo, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria

    Institute of Food Security, Environmental Resources and Agricultural Research, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta - Associate Professor

  • Joy Nwakaego Odedina, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
    Department of Plant Physiology and Crop Production, Senior Lecturer
  • Yanmife Iyanu Akinsanya, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
    Department of Plant Physiology and Crop Production

References

Bamishaiye, E.I. and Bamishaiye O.M. 2011. Tiger nut: As a plant, its derivatives and benefits. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. 11(5):5157-5170. DOI: 10.4314/ajfand.v11i5.70443

Bowden, S. and Honsberg, C. Blackbody Radiation http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/properties-of-sunlight/blackbody-radiation Accessed 14/12/2015

Bradford, K. J., Côme, D. and Corbineau, F. (2007). Quantifying the oxygen sensitivity of seed germination using a population-based threshold model Seed Science Research 17: 33–43. DOI: 10.1017/S0960258507657389

Cyperus esculentus: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyperus_esculentus Accessed 14/12/2015

Heat retention in vine yard soils www.calwineries.com/learn/grape-growing/terrain/heat-retention Accessed 14/12/2015

Hillocks, R. J. (1998). The potential benefits of weeds with reference to small holder agriculture in Africa. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 3(3): 155-167. DOI: 10.1023/A:1009698717015

Imam, T.S., Aliyu, F.G. and Umar, H.F. (2013). Preliminary phytochemical screening, elemental and proximate composition of two varieties of Cyperus esculentus (tiger nut). Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Science, 21(4): 247-251). DOI: 10.4314/njbas.v21i4.1

Morbeck de Oliveira, A. K., Ribeiro, J.W.F., Pereira, K. C. L. and Silva, C. A. A. (2013). Effects of temperature on the germination of Diptychandra aurantiaca (Fabaceae) seeds. Acta Scientiarum Agronomy. 35(2):203-208.

National Centre for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (NACGRAB). (2008). Country report on the state of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture, 50 pages.

Power, J. P., and Fonteyn P. J. (1995). Effects of oxygen concentration and substrate on seed germination and seedling growth of Zizania texana (Texas wildrice). Southwestern Naturalist, 40: 1–4

Sánchez-Zapata, E; Fernández-López, J; Angel Pérez-Alvarez, J (2012). "Tiger nut (Cyperus esculentus) Commercialization: health aspects, composition, properties, and food applications". Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 11: 366–77. DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-4337.2012.00190.x

Teiteh J.P. and Ofori E. (1998). A baseline survey of tiger nut (Cyperus esculentus) production in the KwahuSoqth District of Ghana. Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science, 31:211-216.

Tiger nuts http://www.tigernuts.com/tigernuts-health/ Accessed 14/12/2015

Top 10 health benefits of tiger nuts. www.naij.com. > Health and beauty accessed 14/12/2015

Downloads

Published

26. 10. 2016

Issue

Section

Agronomy section

How to Cite

Fabunmi, T. O., Adigbo, S. O., Odedina, J. N., & Akinsanya, Y. I. (2016). Effects of tuber size, soaking hours and sprouting media on sprouting of tiger nut (Cyperus esculentus L. var. sativa) tubers. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 107(2), 345-354. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2016.107.2.08

Similar Articles

1-10 of 170

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)