Evaluation of different crop sequences for wheat and maize in sandy soil

Authors

  • Samiha Abou El-Fetouh Ouda Agricultural Research Center, Egypt
  • Abd El-Hafeez A. Zohry Agriculture Research Center, Egypt
  • Wael Ahmed Hamd-Alla Agriculture Research Center, Egypt
  • El-Sayed Shalaby Assuit Unvirsity, Egypt

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2017.109.2.21

Keywords:

maize, wheat, short season clover, cowpea, cowpea intercropped with maize, cereal units, Assiut Governorate

Abstract

The objective of this paper was to assess four crop sequence system including wheat and maize grown in sandy soil of Upper Egypt with respect to the applied irrigation amount for each crop sequence, total production and water productivity. Two field experiments were conducted in Egypt during 2013/14 and 2014/15 growing seasons. Each experiment included four crop sequences: maize then wheat (CS1); maize, short season clover (SSC) then wheat (CS2); cowpea, SSC then wheat (CS3); cowpea intercropped with maize, SSC then wheat (CS4). The lowest amount of applied water was added to CS1 which resulted with low value of wheat and maize yield and the lowest water productivity. The highest amount of applied water was applied to CS2 and CS4 (similar values). The highest wheat yield and water productivity were obtained in CS3. The highest maize yield and water productivity was obtained from CS4. The highest total production (170.88 and 213.43 CU ha-1 in the 1st and 2nd season, respectively) and water productivity (0.093 and 0.114 CU m-3 in the 1st and 2nd season, respectively) for the studied crop sequences was obtained from CS3. In conclusion, higher water productivity for wheat in sandy soil can be attain by cultivating two legume crops before it (CS3); and for maize, it should be intercropped with a legume crop (CS4).

Author Biographies

  • Samiha Abou El-Fetouh Ouda, Agricultural Research Center, Egypt
    Water Requirements and Field Irrigation Research Department
  • Abd El-Hafeez A. Zohry, Agriculture Research Center, Egypt
    Crops Intensification Research Department
  • Wael Ahmed Hamd-Alla, Agriculture Research Center, Egypt
    Crops Intensification Research Department
  • El-Sayed Shalaby, Assuit Unvirsity, Egypt
    Agronomy Department

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Published

26. 09. 2017

Issue

Section

Agronomy section

How to Cite

Ouda, S. A. E.-F., Zohry, A. E.-H. A., Hamd-Alla, W. A., & Shalaby, E.-S. (2017). Evaluation of different crop sequences for wheat and maize in sandy soil. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 109(2), 383–392. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2017.109.2.21

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