Evaluation of turmeric-mung bean intercrop productivity through competition functions

Authors

  • Mohamaed ISLAM Department of Agronomy, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad ALAM On Farm Research Division, BARI, Pabna, Bangladesh
  • Ayman EL SABAGH Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Egypt
  • Celaleddin BARUTÇULAR Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova, Turkey
  • Disna RATNASEKERA Department of Agricultural Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka
  • Ferhat KIZILGEÇI Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Şırnak University, Şırnak, Turkey
  • M. Sohidul ISLAM Department of Agronomy, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2018.111.1.19

Keywords:

competition functions, economics, intercropping, turmeric, mung bean

Abstract

An intercropping experiment was conducted with varying combinations of turmeric and mung bean to find out the efficacy of productivity and economic return through competition functions. Treatments were evaluated on the basis of several competition functions, such as land equivalent ratio (LER), aggressiveness, competitive ratio (CR), monetary advantage index (MAI) and system productivity index (SPI). Results showed that rhizome yields of turmeric were higher in intercropping system than in mono crop. It indicated that intercropping of mung bean did not affect the rhizome yield of turmeric. However, turmeric (100 %) + 3 row mung bean (100 %) in between turmeric lines intercropping system exhibited maximum yield of both the crops as well as turmeric equivalent yield, LER, competitive indices values, SPI and MAI (Tk. 2,44,734.46 ha-1) compared to the other intercropping combinations and the mono crops. Aggressiveness of intercrop indicated dominance of turmeric over mung bean in all the combinations except turmeric (100 %) + 1 row mung bean (33 %). Competition functions of intercroping suggested beneficial association of turmeric and mung bean crops. The study revealed that mung bean could be introduced as intercrop with turmeric without hampering rhizome yield with higher benefit additionally increasing mung bean production area.

References

Ali, M., Mishra, J. S. (1993). Intercropping of blackgram (Phaseolus mungo) and greengram (P. radiatus) with spring sunflower (Helianthus annuus). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 63(8), 493-495.

Banik, P., Sasmal, T., Ghosal, P. K., Bagchi, D. K. (2000). Evaluation of mustard (Brassica compestris var. toria) and legume intercropping under 1:1 and 2:1 row-replacement series systems. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 185, 9-14. doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-037X.2000.00388.x

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). (2011). Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh. Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka.

Bhatti, I. H. (2005). Agro-physiological studies on sesame-legume intercropping system in different geometric arrangements. Ph. D. thesis, Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Caballero, R., Goicoechea, E.L., Hernaiz, P. J. (1995). Forage yield and quality of common vetch and oat sown at varying seed ratios and seeding rates of common vetch. Field Crops Research, 41, 135-140. doi.org/10.1016/0378-4290 (94)00114-R

Dhima, K. V., Lithourgidis, A. S., Vasilakoglou, I. B., Dordas, C. A. (2007). Competition indices of common vetch and cereal intercrops in two seeding ratio. Field Crop Research, 100, 249–256. doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2006.07.008

Esmaeilia, A., Sadeghpourb, A., Hosseinia, S. M. B., Jahanzada, E., Chaichia, M. R., Hashem, M. (2011). Evaluation of seed yield and competition indices for intercropped barley (Hordeum vulgare) and annual medic (Medicago scutellata). International Journal of Plant Production, 5(4), 395-404. doi: 10.22069/ijpp.2012.749

Ghosh, P. K. (2004). Growth, yield, competition and economics of groundnut/cereal fodder intercropping systems in the semi-arid tropics of India. Field Crops Research, 88, 227-237. doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2004.01.015

Hasan, MD. K., Sabagh, A. EL., Sikdar, MD. S. I., Alam, MD. J., Ratnasekera, D., Barutçular, C., Islam, M.S. (2017). Comparative adaptable agronomic traits of black gram and mung bean for saline lands. Plant Archives, 17(1), 589-593.

Hauggaard-Nielsen, H., Ambus, P., Jensen, E. S. (2001). Interspecific competition, N use and interference with weeds in pea-barley intercropping. Field Crops Research, 70, 101-109. doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290 (01)00126-5

Islam, M. S., EL Sabagh, A., Hasana, K., Akhter, M., Hasan Barutçulard, C. (2017). Growth and yield response of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) as influenced by sulphur and boron application. Scientific Journal of Crop Science , 6(1), 153-160. doi: 10.14196/sjcs.v6i1.2383

Jedel, P. E., Helm, J. H., Burnett, P. A. (1998). Yield, quality and stress tolerance of barley mixture in central Alberta. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 78, 429-436. doi.org/10.4141/P97-137

Joyachandran, B. K., Bari, M. M., Salam, M. A., Mannan, M. K., Mathew, K. P. (1991). Performance of turmeric/ginger under shade and open condition. Indian Coca, Arecanut and Spices Journal, 15(2), 40-42.

Khan, Z., Ahmed, S., Nazir, M. S. (1988). Land equivalent ratios, relative yields and relative yield totals of intercropped maize and soybean. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 9, 453-457.

Malik, M. A., Saleem, M. F., Sana, M., Aziz, A. (2002). Agro economic expression of different relay crops after rice harvest under conventional and zero tillage. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 4, 277-278.

Mahapatra, S. C. (2011). Study of Grass-Legume Intercropping System in Terms of Competition Indices and Monetary Advantage Index under Acid Lateritic Soil of India. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 1(1), 1-6. doi:10.5281/zenodo.8092

McGilchrist, C.A. (1965). Analysis of competition experiments. Biometrics, 21, 975-985. doi.org/10.2307/2528258

Mead, R., Willey, R.W. (1980). The concept of land equivalent ratio and advantages in yields for intercropping. Experimental Agriculture, 16, 217-228. doi.org/10.1017/S0014479700010978

Mian, M. A. K. (2008). Performance of maize oriented cropping patterns under different nutrient management. Ph. D. Dissertation, Dept. Agron., Bangladesh Agril. Univ., Mymensingh. pp. 31-137.

Midya, A., Bhattacharjee, K., Ghose, S. S., Banik, P. (2005). Deferred seeding of blackgram (Phaseolus mungo L.) in rice (Oryza sativa L.) field on yield advantages and smothering of weeds. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 191, 195-201. doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.2005.00157.x

MOA (Ministry of Agriculture). (2014). Hand Book of Agricultural Statistics, December 2007. Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh. http://www.moa.gov.bd/statistics/ statistics.htm

Mosely, W. G. (1994). An equation for the replacement value of agroforestry. Agroforestry System, 26, 47-52. doi: 10.1007/BF00705151

Nazir, M. S., Jabbar, A., Ahmad, I., Nawaz, S., Bhatti, I. H. (2002). Production potential and economics of intercropping in autumn-planted sugarcane. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 4, 140-142.

Odo, P. E. (1991). Evaluating short and tall sorghum varieties in mixtures with cowpea in Sudan Savanna of Nigeria: LER, grain yield and system productivity index. Experimental Agriculture, 27(4), 435- 441. doi.org/10.1017/S0014479700019426

Oseni, T. O. (2010). Evaluation of sorghum-cowpea intercrop productivity in savanna agro-ecology using competition indexes. Journal of Agricultural Science, 2(3), 229-234. doi.org/10.5539/jas.v2n3p229

Rahman, Md. M., Zahan, F., Sikdar, Md. SI., EL Sabagh, A., Barutçular, C., Islam, M. S., Ratnasekera, D. (2017). Evaluation of salt tolerance mung bean genotypes and mitigation of salt stress through potassium nitrate fertilization. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 26(12), 7218-7226.

Willey, R. W. (1990). Resource use in intercropping system. Agricultural Water Management, 17, 215-231. doi.org/10.1016/0378-3774(90)90069-B

Willey, R. W., Rao, R. M. (1980). A competitive ratio for quantifying competition between intercropping. Experimental-Agriculture, l6(1), 117-125. doi : 10.1017/S0014479700010802

Yilmaz, S., Atak, M., Erayman, M. (2008). Identification of advantage of maize-legume intercropping over solitary cropping through competition indices in the east Mediterranian region. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 3q`2, 111-119.

Downloads

Published

8. 04. 2018

Issue

Section

Agronomy section

How to Cite

ISLAM, M., ALAM, M., EL SABAGH, A., BARUTÇULAR, C., RATNASEKERA, D., KIZILGEÇI, F., & ISLAM, M. S. (2018). Evaluation of turmeric-mung bean intercrop productivity through competition functions. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 111(1), 199–207. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2018.111.1.19

Similar Articles

1-10 of 115

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.