Effects of seaweed extract on the growth, yield and quality of cherry tomato under different growth conditions

Authors

  • Senad MURTIC Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Rodoljub OLJACA University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Mirela SMAJIC MURTIC Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Amila VRANAC Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Ivana KOLESKA University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Lutvija KARIC Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2018.111.2.07

Keywords:

cherry tomato, seaweed extract, osmotic adjustment, photosynthesis, antioxidants, growth conditions

Abstract

An experiment was carried out to determine the effect of foliar application of seaweed extract (0.2 %) on the growth, yield and quality of cherry tomato under stress and non-stress conditions. The greenhouse experiment was set up in a randomized block design with four treatments in three replications. Treatments were as follows: V1 - seedlings treated by seaweed extract and subjected to drought; V2 - seedlings treated by seaweed extract and regularly watered; V3 - non-treated seedlings subjected to drought; V4 - non-treated seedlings regularly watered. Cherry tomato seedlings treated by seaweed extract had a lower content of proline and higher leaf water potential compared to non-treated seedlings under stress conditions, indicating that application of this fertilizer contributes to better adaptation of cherry tomato seedlings to stress. Treatment with seaweed extract also positively influenced the yield and quality of cherry tomato (total soluble solids, vitamin C, lycopene) under both standard and drought stress conditions as compared to untreated plants in same conditions. Positive effects of seaweed extract on growth and quality of cherry tomato are result of its specific composition, as well as ability of cherry tomato plants to utilize bioactive substances in seaweed extracts for its growth and development.

Author Biographies

  • Senad MURTIC, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Department of Plant Physiology
  • Rodoljub OLJACA, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Department of Soil Science, Physiology and Plant Nutrition
  • Mirela SMAJIC MURTIC, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Department of Food Technology
  • Amila VRANAC, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Department of Food Technology
  • Ivana KOLESKA, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Department of Soil Science, Physiology and Plant Nutrition
  • Lutvija KARIC, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Department of Vegetable Crops

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Published

29. 10. 2018

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Section

Agronomy section

How to Cite

MURTIC, S., OLJACA, R., SMAJIC MURTIC, M., VRANAC, A., KOLESKA, I., & KARIC, L. (2018). Effects of seaweed extract on the growth, yield and quality of cherry tomato under different growth conditions. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 111(2), 315–325. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2018.111.2.07

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