Response of sunflower to organic and chemical fertilizers in different drought stress conditions

Authors

  • Aydin KHODAEI-JOGHAN Assistant professor, Agronomy and Plant Breeding Department, Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Khozestan, Iran
  • Majid GHOLAMHOSEINI Assistant Professor, Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO),, Iran
  • Majid AGHA-ALIKHANI Assistant Professor, Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Farhad HABIBZADEH Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Production and Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
  • Ali SOROOSHZADEH Assistant Professor, Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
  • Amir GHALAVAND Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2018.111.2.03

Keywords:

drought stress, zeolite, soil fertility, grain quality, sunflower

Abstract

The main objectives of this research were to determine the effects of applying organic and chemical fertilizers under different irrigation regimes on sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) morphological traits, yield components, grain yield and grain quality. The experiment was conducted as spilt plots based on a randomized complete block design with three replicates. Irrigation treatments at three levels (well-irrigated, mild and severe drought stress) were allocated to main plots and eight fertilizer treatments (urea (F1), urea + composted cattle manure (F2), zeocompost (F3), vermicompost (F4), zeolite-amended chicken manure (Z-ACM) (F5), zeocompost + vermicompost (F6), zeocompost + Z-ACM (F7) and vermicompost + Z-ACM (F8)) were randomized in sub-plots. The results showed that irrespective of the drought stress intensity, organic fertilizer treatments produced more dry matter, heavier and greater grain than did chemical treatments. In well-irrigated plots, the highest grain yield was obtained from F6, F7 and F8 treatments. Under drought stress conditions, the highest grain yield was obtained from the high zeolite content organic fertilizers i.e. F3, F5 and F7. We concluded that amending soil with organic fertilizers in combination with zeolite can be a beneficial approach for decreasing chemical fertilizer application rates and improving the sustainability of agricultural systems.

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Published

29. 10. 2018

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Section

Agronomy section

How to Cite

KHODAEI-JOGHAN, A., GHOLAMHOSEINI, M., AGHA-ALIKHANI, M., HABIBZADEH, F., SOROOSHZADEH, A., & GHALAVAND, A. (2018). Response of sunflower to organic and chemical fertilizers in different drought stress conditions. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 111(2), 271–284. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2018.111.2.03

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