Assessment of toxicity on the basis of total phenolic content in oleander leaves (Nerium oleander L.) against Myzus persicae (Sulzer, 1776) (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Authors

  • Billal NIA Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, Mohamed Khider University of Biskra, Algeria / Scientific and technical research in arid regions (CRSTRA), Biskra, Algeria
  • Naama FRAH Department of Agronomy, Institute of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, Hadj Lakhdar University of Batna, Algeria.
  • Adel LEKBIR Food Science Laboratory, Department of Food Technology, Institute of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, Hadj Lakhdar University of Batna, Algeria.
  • Khadidja BENHMED Scientific and technical research in arid regions (CRSTRA), Biskra, Algeria.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2018.111.2.02

Keywords:

Nerium oleander, Myzus persicae, insecticidal effect, total phenolic content

Abstract

Nerium oleander is an evergreen flowering shrub or small tree distributed widely in the Mediterranean region. It is also a source of polyphenols and cardenolides ?? with insecticidal effect which could be a safe alternative of chemical control of insect pests. In the present work, five concentrations (0 %, 1 %, 2.5 %, 5 %, and 10 %) of ethanolic extract from Nerium oleander leaves were evaluated for its insecticidal effect against 3 to 4 days old Myzus persicae individuals under laboratory conditions. Obtained results showed a significant insecticidal effect with 70 % of mortality at the highest concentration (10 %). Total phenolic content of leaf ethanolic extract of this plant was 1721.36 mg gallic acid equivalent 100 g-1 dry matter. The results obtained suggest that we could make bioinsecticides based on leaves ethanolic extracts from N. oleander which rich in polyphenols for use eventually in integrated pest management.

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Published

29. 10. 2018

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Section

Agronomy section

How to Cite

NIA, B., FRAH, N., LEKBIR, A., & BENHMED, K. (2018). Assessment of toxicity on the basis of total phenolic content in oleander leaves (Nerium oleander L.) against Myzus persicae (Sulzer, 1776) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 111(2), 265–270. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2018.111.2.02

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