Correlation and path coefficient analysis among seed yield and yield related traits of Ethiopian chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) landraces


  • Awol Mohhammed ADEM Sirinka Agricultural Research Center, P. O.Box 74, Woldia, Ethiopia
  • Asnake FIKRE International Center of Research for Semi Arid Tropics, Ethiopia



chickpea, correlation, path coefficient analysis, seed yield, yield related traits


The experiment was done on 202 new chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) landraces with 2 checks to assess the association, direct and indirect effect of different characters on yield. The experiment was planted at Sirinka and Jari, Ethiopia, under rain fed condition in 2016 using alpha lattice design with three replications. Data were collected on yield and yield related traits. Analysis of variance showed highly significant differences among genotypes. The correlation of grain yield with biomass and with harvest index was positive and highly significant both at genotypic and phenotypic levels. In addition, its association with pod filling period, plant height, secondary branches and hundred seed mass was positive but insignificant both at genotypic and phenotypic levels. Path coefficient analysis at genotypic level showed that among the 15 causal (independent) traits; biomass, harvest index, pod length, days to pod setting, pod filing period, canopy width, primary branches, secondary branches, and number of pods per plant had positive and directly influence on grain yield. Although the days to flowering, plant height and hundred seed mass had positive genotypic correlation with grain yield. In general correlation coupled with path coefficient analysis revealed that biomass and harvest index had a direct relationship with seed yield.


Ali Q, Tahir MHN, Sadaqat HA, Arshad S, Farooq J, Ahsan M, Waseem M, Iqbal A (2011). Genetic variability and correlation analysis for quantitative traits in chickpea genotypes (Cicer arietinum L.). Jornal of Bacteria Research, 3, 6-9.

Central Statistical Authority (2014/2015). Agricultural Sample Survey, Volume I:Report on Area and Production for major crops (Meher Season) Statistical Bulletin No. 578 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Dewey, J.R and K.H. Lu (1959). A correlation and path coefficient analysis of yield components of crested wheat seed production.AgronomyJournal,51, 515- 518.doi:10.2134/agronj1959.00021962005100090002x

Falconer, D.S. and T.F.C. Mackay (1996). Introduction to Quantitative Genetics, 4th, ed. Longma Group Limited, Malaysia. 438 p

FAO.(1998). The state of ex situ conservation. Page 90 in the state of world’s plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Feven W. (2002). Morphological and biochemical diversity analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) landraces of Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis submitted to Addis Ababa University,Addis Ababa

Gomez, A.K. and Gomez A.A. (1984).Statistical procedure for agricultural research. John Wiley and Sons 680 p.

Gul R., Khan H., Sattar S, Farhatullah, Munsif F, Shadman, Khan BSA, Khattak SH, Arif M, Ali A. (2011). Comparison among nodulated and non nodulated chickpea genotypes.Sarhad Journal of Agriculture,27(4), 577-581.

IBPGR, ICRISAT and ICARDA. (1993). Descriptor for chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Italy; International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India and International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas, Aleppo, Syria.

ICRISAT (International crop research institute for semi arid tropics) (2010).

Pooran M. Gaur, Shailesh Tripathi, CL Laxmipathi Gowda, GV Ranga Rao, HC Sharma, Suresh Pande and Mamta Sharma, Patancheru 502 324 Andhra Pradesh, India 2010. Chickpea Seed Production Manual.

Melese D., (2005). Morphological and Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) marker variation analysis in some drought tolerance and susceptible chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes; Thesis submitted to University of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Ojiewo Chris (2016). Presentation of Chickpea Production, Technology Adoption and Market Linkages in Ethiopia on Pan-African Grain Legume and World Cowpea Conference Livingstone - Zambia Feb 28 – Mar 4, 2016

Padmavathi P.V, Sreemannarayana S, Murthy, V. Satyanarayana Rao and Lal Ahamed M. (2013). Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis in Kabuli Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) on International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology

Robertson, G.E. (1959). The sampling variance of genetic correlation coefficient. Biometrics, 15, 469-485.

SAS Institute 2004 SAS/STAT guide for personal computers, version 9.0 edition, SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC.

Sengupta, K. and Kataria A.S. 1971.Path coefficient analysis for some characters in soybean. Indian Jornal of Genetics, 31, 290-295.

Shafique MS, Ahsan M, Mehmood Z, Abdullah M, Shakoor A, Ahmad MI. (2016). Genetic variability and interrelationship of various agronomic traits using correlation and path analysis in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Acadamic Journal of Agricultural Research, 4(2), 082-085.

Sharma J.R. (1998). Statistical and biometrical techniques in plant breeding. New Age International (P) Limited Publishers. New Delhi. 432 p.

Singh, R.K and Chaudhary. (1977). Biometrical methods in quantitative genetic analysis. Kalyani Publisher, New Delhi, Ludhiana, India.300 p.

Singh, K. B., M. Omar, M. C. Saxena, and C. Johansen (1997). Screening for drought resistance in spring chickpea in the Mediterranean region. Journal of Agronomy & Crop Science, 178, 22-235. doi:10.1111/j.1439-037X.1997.tb00495.x

Singh JL, Prasad C, Madakemohekar AH, Bornare SS (2014). Genetic variability and character association in diverse genotypes of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). The Bioscan (Supplement on Genetics and Plant Breeding), 9(2),759-761.

Tesfamichael Semere Mullu, Stephen Githiri Mwangi, Aggrey Bernard Nyende, N. V. P. R Ganga Rao, Damaris Achieng Odeny, Abhishek Rathore and Anil Kumars (2014). Assessment of genetic variation and heritability of agronomic traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L). International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research. (IJAAR) ISSN: 2223-7054 (Print) 2225-3610 (Online) Vol. 5, No. 4, p. 76-88, 2014.

Thakur, S.K. and Sirohi, A. (2009). Correlation and path coffient analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under different seasons. Legume Research, 32, 1-6.

Uday Chand Jha1, Singh D.P. and Roopa Lavanya (2012). Assessment of genetic variability and correlation of important yield related traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar-263 145 India agricultural research communication centre /. Indian journals.comLegume Research, 35 (4), 341 – 344.

Van der Maesen LJG (1987). Origin, history and taxonomy of chickpea. In: Saxena MC, Singh KB (eds) The Chickpea. Wallingford: C.A.B International, pp. 11-34.

Yucel DO, Anlarsal AE, Yucel C (2006). Genatic Variabilty, Correalation and Path Analysis of Yield and Yield Components in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Turky Journal of Agriculture, 30, 182-188.

Yucel DO and Anlarsal AE. (2010). Determination of selection criteria with path coefficient analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) breeding. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 16(1), 42-48.

Zerihun J. B. (2011). Genetic diversity of elite chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties using morphological and inter simple sequence repeat markers. Thesis Submitted to the College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Department f Biology, School of Graduate Studies Haramaya University, Haramaya 2011.



12. 12. 2018



Agronomy section

How to Cite

ADEM, A. M., & FIKRE, A. (2018). Correlation and path coefficient analysis among seed yield and yield related traits of Ethiopian chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) landraces. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 111(3), 661–670.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 772

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.