Study of genetic diversity in different wheat species with various genomes based on morphological characteristics and zinc use efficiency under two zinc-deficient growing conditions

Authors

  • Majid ABDOLI
  • Ezatollah ESFANDIARI
  • Aliasghar ALILOO Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, P.O. Box 55181-83111, Maragheh, Iran
  • Behzad SADEGHZADEH
  • Seyed-Bahman MOUSAVI

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2019.113.1.13

Keywords:

durum wheat, bread wheat, zinc concentration, zinc deficiency, zinc efficiency, biofortification

Abstract

Screening of cash crops to tolerate and grow under low levels of micronutrients is important issue in the plant breeding programs. Thus, the study screened the tolerance of 50 wheat genotypes to zinc (Zn) deficiency in the calcareous soil. The Zn treatment was carried out with application of 5 mg kg-1 (+Zn) and without (-Zn) to the collected soils with initial Zn extractable of 0.5 mg Zn kg-1 soil. The results revealed that the supplementary application significantly increased shoot dry matter, shoot Zn concentration and shoot Zn content compared to the without Zn application (control), but Zn utilization decreased under Zn application. There was considerable genetic variation in Zn efficiency (55 - 118 %), shoot Zn concentration (11.8 - 27.0 and 14.3 - 39.6 mg kg-1 DM under deficient and sufficient Zn, respectively), shoot Zn content (0.56 - 2.02 and 0.90 - 2.83 µg plant-1, under deficient and sufficient Zn, respectively) and Zn utilization efficiency (39 - 87.2 and 31.2 - 71.5 mg DM µg-1 Zn under deficient and sufficient Zn, respectively) within wheat genotypes. Cluster analysis based on Zn efficiency, and shoot dry matter at deficient and adequate Zn conditions classified the genotypes into four clusters. Over the two conditions, the most Zn-efficient and Zn-unefficient genotypes were ‘Ankara-98’ and ‘Altintoprak-98’ and ‘Pg"S’ and ‘Zarin’, respectively. Most durum genotypes had a greater Zn efficiency than modern bread wheat genotypes, therefore these genotypes could be effectively used to breed the new cultivars with high Zn efficiency for calcareous soils.

Author Biographies

  • Majid ABDOLI

    Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, P.O. Box 55181-83111, Maragheh, Iran

  • Ezatollah ESFANDIARI

    Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, P.O. Box 55181-83111, Maragheh, Iran

  • Aliasghar ALILOO, Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, P.O. Box 55181-83111, Maragheh, Iran

    Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, P.O. Box 55181-83111, Maragheh, Iran

  • Behzad SADEGHZADEH

    Dryland Agricultural Research Institute (DARI), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Maragheh, Iran

  • Seyed-Bahman MOUSAVI

    Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, P.O. Box 55181-83111, Maragheh, Iran

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Published

1. 04. 2019

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Section

Agronomy section

How to Cite

ABDOLI, M., ESFANDIARI, E., ALILOO, A., SADEGHZADEH, B., & MOUSAVI, S.-B. (2019). Study of genetic diversity in different wheat species with various genomes based on morphological characteristics and zinc use efficiency under two zinc-deficient growing conditions. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 113(1), 147–161. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2019.113.1.13

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