Hybridization potential Aegilops sp. / durum wheat: which interest for the genetic breeding of the drought tolerance?

Authors

  • Fethia ZADRI Mentouri Brothers University 1, Nature and Life Science Faculty, Plant Biology and Ecology Department, Genetic, Biochemistry and Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Team II ‘Biotechnology and Plant Amelioration’, Constantine, Algeria. Road Ain El Bey, Constantine 25000-Algeria
  • Kamel KELLOU Mentouri Brothers University 1, Nature and Life Science Faculty, Plant Biology and Ecology Department, Genetic, Biochemistry and Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Team II ‘Biotechnology and Plant Amelioration’, Constantine, Algeria. Road Ain El Bey, Constantine 25000-Algeria
  • Adra MOUELLEF Mentouri Brothers University 1, Nature and Life Science Faculty, Plant Biology and Ecology Department, Genetic, Biochemistry and Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Team II ‘Biotechnology and Plant Amelioration’, Constantine, Algeria. Road Ain El Bey, Constantine 25000-Algeria
  • Hadjer BOUANIKA 20th August 1955 Skikda University, Sciences Faculty, Nature and Life Science Department, Skikda, Algeria. Road El Hadayak, bp 26, Skikda 21000, Algeria
  • Ryma BOULDJEDJ Mentouri Brothers University 1, Nature and Life Science Faculty, Plant Biology and Ecology Department, Genetic, Biochemistry and Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Team II ‘Biotechnology and Plant Amelioration’, Constantine, Algeria. Road Ain El Bey, Constantine 25000-Algeria
  • Chafika ZAHRAOUI Mentouri Brothers University 1, Nature and Life Science Faculty, Plant Biology and Ecology Department, Genetic, Biochemistry and Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Team II ‘Biotechnology and Plant Amelioration’, Constantine, Algeria. Road Ain El Bey, Constantine 25000-Algeria
  • Abdelhamid DJEKOUN Mentouri Brothers University 1, Nature and Life Science Faculty, Plant Biology and Ecology Department, Genetic, Biochemistry and Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Team II ‘Biotechnology and Plant Amelioration’, Constantine, Algeria. Road Ain El Bey, Constantine 25000-Algeria
  • Nadia YKHLEF Mentouri Brothers University 1, Nature and Life Science Faculty, Plant Biology and Ecology Department, Genetic, Biochemistry and Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Team II ‘Biotechnology and Plant Amelioration’, Constantine, Algeria. Road Ain El Bey, Constantine 25000-Algeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2019.113.1.08

Keywords:

Aegilops, durum wheat, drought tolerance, interspecific hybridization, genetic breeding

Abstract

To study their hybridization potential, two species of the genus Aegilops (Aegilops geniculata Roth; Aegilops triuncialis L.) and two durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) varieties (‘Oued Zenati’ and ‘Hoggar’) were crossed, where Aegilops was the female parent. The four cross combinations were tested during five years in order to release the genitors having the most affinity for obtaining interspecific hybrids. The parents were also characterized for their drought stress tolerance during the crossing period. The results confirm the tolerance of Aegilops sp. and adaptation of the durum wheat varieties to climatic conditions governing the Algerian cereal zones. 81 hybrids F1 were obtained. Differences in hybridization affinity between the parents were very remarkable. The combination of parents Aegilops geniculata/’ Oued Zenati’ has produced the highest number of hybrids (54 or a rate of 5.23 %), followed by Aegilops triuncialis/’Oued Zenati’ (18 hybrids or a rate of 3.88 %). The crossing of the two Aegilops species with the Hoggar variety produced a small number of hybrids. Among the advantages of this crossing, the obtaining of hybrids in caryopsis without resorting to the embryos rescue. Hybrid seedlings expressed a maternal cytoplasmic heredity. However, no adult plant could have been regenerated.

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Published

1. 04. 2019

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Agronomy section

How to Cite

ZADRI, F., KELLOU, K., MOUELLEF, A., BOUANIKA, H., BOULDJEDJ, R., ZAHRAOUI, C., DJEKOUN, A., & YKHLEF, N. (2019). Hybridization potential Aegilops sp. / durum wheat: which interest for the genetic breeding of the drought tolerance?. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 113(1), 83–94. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2019.113.1.08

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