Entomopathogenic fungus, Lecanicillium lecanii R. Z are & W. Gams anchored into MCM-41: A new and effective bio-insecticide against Brevicoryne brassicae (Linnaeus, 1758) (Hom: Aphididae) to protect cabbages

Authors

  • Asmar SOLEYMANZADE Yong Researchers and Elite Club, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran
  • Fereshteh KHORRAMI Yong Researchers and Elite Club, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran,
  • Hana BATMANI Yong Researchers and Elite Club, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran
  • Khadijeh OJAGHI AGHBASH Yong Researchers and Elite Club, Ajabshir Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ajabshir, Iran
  • Youbert GHOSTA Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2019.114.1.11

Keywords:

Brevicoryne brassicae, Lecanicillium lecanii, MCM-41@fungus, virulence

Abstract

Brevicoryne brassicae is a significant pest of cultivated cabbages and vegetable crops in the world. The present study was carried out to examine a potential strategy to enhance the insecticidal activity of Lecanicillium lecanii for cost-effective management of B. brassicae. The insecticidal efficacy of pure entomopathogenic fungus (PEF) and MCM-41 (Mobil Composition of Matter) L. lecanii were assessed against the cabbage aphid under laboratory and greenhouse conditions. The fungus was supported on MCM-41 and was completely characterized by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) techniques. LC50 values of PEF and MCM-41@fungus were 1.9×106 and 2.5×104 and 2.0×107 and 2.0×105 conidia/ml on adults of B. brassicae under laboratory and greenhouse conditions, respectively. Bioassays demonstrated that MCM-41@fungus significantly decreased LC50 values of entomopathogenic fungus and it was more toxic than L. lecanii at adult stage of the pest. The results showed that pure L. lecanii and its nano-formulation could play key roles as bio-pesticides in B. brassicae management programs.

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Published

8. 10. 2019

Issue

Section

Agronomy section

How to Cite

SOLEYMANZADE, A., KHORRAMI, F., BATMANI, H., OJAGHI AGHBASH, K., & GHOSTA, Y. (2019). Entomopathogenic fungus, Lecanicillium lecanii R. Z are & W. Gams anchored into MCM-41: A new and effective bio-insecticide against Brevicoryne brassicae (Linnaeus, 1758) (Hom: Aphididae) to protect cabbages. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 114(1), 97–102. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2019.114.1.11

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