Genetic variability in morpho-agronomic traits of various accessions of Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.


  • Maruf Olaide YEKEEN Federal Polytechnic, Ile-Oluji, Nigeria
  • Hafsoh Olajumoke SHAIB-RAHIM Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Joy OLABODE Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria



Vigna subterranea, Bambara groundnut, genetic variation, morpho-agronomic analysis, chemical analysis


Vigna subterranea is an indigenous African legume widely cultivated across the continent. It is a highly diverse crop exhibiting diversity in morpho-agronomic characteristics. This genetic diversity is also crucial for crop improvement as it determines which breeding strategy/ methodology to utilize in its improvement. The study evaluated the diversity in morpho-agronomic characteristics of different accessions of Bambara groundnut. ‘TVSu596’ exhibited the highest germination percentage (100 %) and shortest days to 50 % flowering (40 days) while ‘TVSu11’ had the highest number of leaves (146). Qualitative evaluation revealed the diversity existing in their morphological characteristics. Elemental analysis showed the accessions are rich in mineral elements and exhibit diversity. Principal component analysis revealed 83.37 % of total variations in morphological and yield traits by the first three principal axes. Traits such as number of leaves, petiole length, and days to 50 % flowering furnish most of the variations. Cluster analysis revealed the accessions clustered into 4 groups. These accessions are therefore recommended for utilization in development of improved cultivars or early-maturing varieties.


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25. 09. 2020



Agronomy section

How to Cite

YEKEEN, M. O., SHAIB-RAHIM, H. O., & OLABODE, J. (2020). Genetic variability in morpho-agronomic traits of various accessions of Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 116(1), 69–73.

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