Effect of UV-C radiation on basic indices of growth process of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seeds in pre-sowing treatment

Authors

  • Anatoly SEMENOV Poltava University of Economics and Trade, Faculty of Commodity science, Trade and Marketing, Department of Commodity research, Biotechnology, Expertise and Customs, Poltava, Ukraine
  • Irina KOROTKOVA Poltava State Agrarian Academy, Faculty of Agro-Technology and Ecology, Department of Biotechnology and Chemistry, Poltava, Ukraine
  • Tamara SAKHNO Poltava State Agrarian Academy, Faculty of Agro-Technology and Ecology, Department of Biotechnology and Chemistry, Poltava, Ukraine
  • Mykola MARENYCH Poltava State Agrarian Academy, Faculty of Agro-Technology and Ecology, Department of Selection, Seed Growing and Genetics, Poltava, Ukraine
  • Volodymyr НANHUR Poltava State Agrarian Academy, Faculty of Agro-Technology and Ecology, Department of Plant, Poltava, Ukraine
  • Viktor LIASHENKO Poltava State Agrarian Academy, Faculty of Agro-Technology and Ecology, Department of Plant, Poltava, Ukraine
  • Viktor KAMINSKY NSC "Institute of Agriculture” NAAS of Ukraine, Kyiv region, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2020.116.1.1563

Keywords:

seed vigour, germination, UV-C radiation, biometric indices, exposure dose

Abstract

An investigation of the effects of UV-C radiation from source having the power of 20 W on improvement of seed quality of Ukrainian winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) six cultivars: ‘Gratsіia Myronivska’, ‘Trudivnytsia Myronivska’, ‘Vezha Myronivska’, ‘Mudrist Odeska’, ‘Nyva Odeska’ and ‘Lira Odeska’, has been done. In the performed experiment the UV-C irradiation in the range of 50-1000 J m-2 was applied. Based on the experimental results it is concluded that irradiation of UV-C on wheat seeds stimulated the seed vigour and germination. It has been established the optimal irradiation dose of UV-C radiation - 250 J m-2 for ‘Trudіvnitsia Myronіvska’, ‘Mudrіst Odeska’, ‘Nyva Odeska’, ‘Lіra Odeska’ cultivars and 500 J m-2 for ‘Hratsіia Myronіvska’ and ‘Vezha Myronіvska’ cultivars, which leads to maximum effect. The highest biometric indices of seedling structural elements were obtained from the seeds of all wheat cultivars, for which the values of seed vigour and germination were also maximum ones, i.e. at the same irradiation dose.

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Published

25. 09. 2020

Issue

Section

Agronomy section

How to Cite

SEMENOV, A., KOROTKOVA, I., SAKHNO, T., MARENYCH, M., НANHUR V., LIASHENKO, V., & KAMINSKY, V. (2020). Effect of UV-C radiation on basic indices of growth process of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seeds in pre-sowing treatment. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 116(1), 49–58. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2020.116.1.1563

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