Nutritional indices and biochemical profile of Helicoverpa armigera [Hübner (1808)] on different groundnut genotypes

Authors

  • Abdul Rasheed WAR International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, Telangana, India
  • Barkat HUSSAIN Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology (SKUAST-K), Shalimar, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Suraj Prashad MISHRA International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, Telangana, India
  • Rajendra S MUNGHATE International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, Telangana, India
  • Hari C SHARMA International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, Telangana, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2021.117.1.1845

Keywords:

host plant resistance, nutritional indices, digestive enzymes, groundnut, Helicoverpa

Abstract

Nutritional indices and biochemical profile of Helicoverpa armigera in response to feeding on different groundnut genotypes was studied. The moderately resistant genotypes were ICGV 86699, ICGV 86031, ICG 2271 and ICG 1697.  JL 24 was used as the susceptible check. Consumption index (CI), approximate digestibility (AD), efficiency of conversion of ingested food (ECI) and efficiency of conversion of digested food (ECD) were recorded. In addition, the activities of digestive and defensive enzymes of H. armigera were studied. H. armigera larvae showed significantly lower CI, AD, ECI and EDI when fed on moderately resistant genotypes than the insects fed on JL 24. Serine protease and trypsin activities were low in insects fed on resistant genotypes than the ones fed on JL 24. Further, insects fed on resistant genotypes showed significantly greater glutathione-S-transferase activity than the insects fed on JL 24. A reverse trend was observed for esterase activity. Similar trend was observed for total protein content of the insects. Thus, nutritional quality of host plants affects insect’s physiology and could be used as an important indicator of host plant resistance against insect pests and to understand the adaptation of insect pests, if any, to various genotypes/host plants.

Author Biographies

  • Abdul Rasheed WAR, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, Telangana, India
    Crop Protection
  • Barkat HUSSAIN, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology (SKUAST-K), Shalimar, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
    Entomology
  • Suraj Prashad MISHRA, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, Telangana, India
    Entomology
  • Rajendra S MUNGHATE, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, Telangana, India
    Crop protection
  • Hari C SHARMA, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, Telangana, India
    Crop Protection

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Published

31. 03. 2021

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Original Scientific Article

How to Cite

WAR, A. R., HUSSAIN, B., MISHRA, S. P., MUNGHATE, R. S., & SHARMA, H. C. (2021). Nutritional indices and biochemical profile of Helicoverpa armigera [Hübner (1808)] on different groundnut genotypes. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 117(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2021.117.1.1845

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