Nutrition and Covid-19 epidemic

Authors

  • Tanja PAJK ŽONTAR University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Slovenia
  • Rajko VIDRIH University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Slovenia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2021.117.2.1980

Keywords:

nutrition, Covid-19, immune system, nutrients, vitamins, elements, antioxidants, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids

Abstract

Proper nutrition is an essential part of an individual’s defence against numerous diseases including coronavirus disease SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19). Nutritional status of individual is affected by several factors such as age, sex, health status, physical activity, life style and medications. Optimal nutrition and dietary nutrient intake impact the immune system, therefore the sustainable way to survive in current context is to strengthen the immune system. Inadequate intake of energy, protein, and specific micronutrients are associated with depressed immune function and increased susceptibility to infection. Predominantly vital for the encouraging of immune function are elements selenium, iron and zinc and vitamins A, D, C, E, B6, B9 (folate) and B12 as well as omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Thus, during this time it is important to take care of nutritional habits, following a healthy and balanced nutritional pattern containing a high amount of elements, antioxidants and vitamins. It is also recommended, that individuals should be mindful of physical activity, known to be associated with all-cause mortality. Regular physical activity also improves mental health and overall feelings of wellbeing. Thus, now in the time of epidemic, more than ever, wider access to healthy foods should be a top priority for governments around the world

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Published

14. 07. 2021

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Section

Review Article

How to Cite

PAJK ŽONTAR, T., & VIDRIH, R. (2021). Nutrition and Covid-19 epidemic. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 117(2), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2021.117.2.1980

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