Sustainable effective use of brackish and canal water for rice-wheat crop production and soil health


  • Khalil AHMED Soil Salinity Research Institute (SSRI), Pindi Bhattian, Pakistan
  • Amar Iqbal SAQIB Soil Salinity Research Institute (SSRI), Pindi Bhattian, Pakistan
  • Ghulam QADIR Soil Salinity Research Institute (SSRI), Pindi Bhattian, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Qaisar NAWAZ Soil Salinity Research Institute (SSRI), Pindi Bhattian, Pakistan
  • Muhammad RIZWAN Soil Salinity Research Institute (SSRI), Pindi Bhattian, Pakistan
  • Syed Saqlain HUSSAIN Soil Salinity Research Institute (SSRI), Pindi Bhattian, Pakistan
  • Muhammad IRFAN Soil Salinity Research Institute (SSRI), Pindi Bhattian, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Mohsin ALI Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan



canal water, brackish water, rice, wheat, soil health


A pot study was conducted to develop reasonable irrigation scheduling methods for rice-wheat crop rotation by conjunctive use of low-quality brackish water and good quality canal water. Treatments tested were; T1 (canal water), T2 (brackish water), T3 (brackish water for rice and canal water for wheat), T4 (last two irrigations to rice, and initial two irrigations to wheat with canal water), T5 (last two irrigations to rice but two initial and one last irrigation to wheat with canal water). Results revealed that irrigation with canal water resulted in the maximum mean biomass and grain yield of rice and wheat crops followed by cyclic use of brackish and canal water. While continuous irrigation with brackish water resulted the lowest mean biomass and grain yield. The different modes of irrigations also influenced chemical properties of soil, brackish water adversely affected the soil properties, and maximum pH of soil saturated paste (pHs), electrical conductivity of soil extract (ECe) and sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) were recorded where brackish water was used continuously. Therefore, it was concluded that when water is valuable and freshwater resources are limited, cyclic use of the canal and brackish water is also profitable with marginal effect on biomass and grain yield and proves least detrimental for soil health.


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10. 11. 2021



Original Scientific Article

How to Cite

AHMED, K., SAQIB, A. I., QADIR, G., NAWAZ, M. Q., RIZWAN, M., HUSSAIN, S. S., IRFAN, M., & ALI, M. M. (2021). Sustainable effective use of brackish and canal water for rice-wheat crop production and soil health. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 117(3), 1–11.

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