Analysis of genetic diversity in selected sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) accessions using inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers

Authors

  • Faith Ewewluegim EMEGHA Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
  • David Adedayo ANIMASAUN Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
  • Folusho BANKOLE Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
  • Gbadebo OLAOYE Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2021.117.4.2015

Keywords:

Dendrogram, genetic diversity, germplasm resources, ISSR marker, sugarcane

Abstract

Genetic diversity information among a population is important in exploiting heterozygosity for the improvement of crop species through breeding programmes. This study was therefore, conducted to assess genetic diversity and establish molecular relationships among 20 selected exotic sugarcane accessions from the Unilorin Sugar Research Institute germplasm using Inter Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) molecular markers. Genomic DNA was extracted from the sugarcane leaf. Fragments amplification was then performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with ISSR markers and the data obtained were analyzed using MEGA 4 software. Analysis of the electropherogram showed a total of 39 loci consisting of 369 bands, out of which 95.8% were polymorphic. The biplot analysis showed all the markers contributed to the observed diversity with the least achieved with ISSR6. The principal co-ordinate analysis grouped the accessions into four clusters, comprising mixtures of all the six collection sites. The polymorphism obtained in the present study showed that the ISSR markers are effective for assessment of genetic diversity of the sugarcane accessions as it reveals the genetic similarity or divergence of the accessions regardless their place of origin or cultivation.

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Published

24. 12. 2021

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Original Scientific Article

How to Cite

EMEGHA, F. E., ANIMASAUN, D. A., BANKOLE, F., & OLAOYE, G. (2021). Analysis of genetic diversity in selected sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) accessions using inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 117(4), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2021.117.4.2015

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