Evaluation of biocidal activity of four Lamiaceae leaves on the black bean aphid Aphis fabae Scopoli, 1763 (Homoptera: Aphididae)

Authors

  • Nadia BOUABIDA Laboratory of Production, Improvement and Protection of Plants, Department of Animal and Plant Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences and Agronomic Sciences, Mouloud Mammeri University of Tizi-Ouzou, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria
  • Karima BENOUFELLA-KITOUS Laboratory of Production, Improvement and Protection of Plants, Department of Animal and Plant Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences and Agronomic Sciences, Mouloud Mammeri University of Tizi-Ouzou, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria
  • Samia AIT AMAR Laboratory of Production, Improvement and Protection of Plants, Department of Animal and Plant Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences and Agronomic Sciences, Mouloud Mammeri University of Tizi-Ouzou, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria
  • Ferroudja MEDJDOUB-BENSAAD Laboratory of Production, Safeguard of Threatened Species and Crops, Department of Animal and Plant Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences and Agronomic Sciences, Mouloud Mammeri University of Tizi-Ouzou, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria
  • Farid GRAICHE Department of mathematics, Faculty of sciences, Mouloud Mammeri University of Tizi-Ouzou, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2022.118.1.2212

Keywords:

Aphis fabae, mortality rate, Lamiaceae, polyphenols, phytochemical screening

Abstract

The objective of our work was the valorisation of four aromatic plants growing spontaneously in Kabylia (Algeria) by the evaluation of their insecticidal activity against the black bean aphid Aphis fabae Scopoli, 1763. These are oregano, thyme, rosemary and lavender. The plants were subjected to a phytochemical analysis to determine their secondary metabolites composition. The results obtained showed that the four extracts are toxic to A. fabae and can significantly reduce its populations. LD50s of 7.76 %; 8.91 %; 9.72 % and 12.88 % were recorded for extracts of oregano, rosemary, thyme and lavender respectively. In addition, the phytochemical screening shows the presence of flavonoids, tannins, saponins and polyphenols. The polyphenols extraction indicates that the oregano extract is the richest with a polyphenol content of 218.73 (± 0.22) µg GAE ml-1. This substance has significant biocidal power.

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Published

4. 04. 2022

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Original Scientific Article

How to Cite

BOUABIDA, N., BENOUFELLA-KITOUS, K., AIT AMAR, S., MEDJDOUB-BENSAAD, F., & GRAICHE, F. (2022). Evaluation of biocidal activity of four Lamiaceae leaves on the black bean aphid Aphis fabae Scopoli, 1763 (Homoptera: Aphididae). Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 118(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2022.118.1.2212

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