Comparative analysis of antioxidant potential in leaf, stem, and root of Paederia foetida L.


  • Tasnima HUSNA Department of Crop Botany, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University
  • Mohammed MOHI-UD-DIN Department of Crop Botany, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University
  • Md. Mehedi HASAN Department of Crop Botany, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University
  • Anika NAZRAN Department of Crop Botany, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University
  • Haider Iqbal KHAN Department of Crop Botany, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University
  • Jahidul HASSAN Department of Horticulture, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University
  • Md. Neamul Hasan SHOVON Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation (PKSF), Dhaka
  • Totan Kumar GHOSH Department of Crop Botany, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University



medicinal plant, antioxidants, free radicals, reactive oxygen species, oxidative stress


Paederia foetida L. is widely used for the treatment of myriad ailments. Thus, searching for plant parts having greater antioxidant potential would make it easy to get suitable materials for herbal drugs. The present effort was made to explore the antioxidant potentials in the plant parts of P. foetida grown under natural conditions by means of physiological and biochemical analyses. The young leaves showed the highest reservoir of non-enzymatic antioxidants such as chlorophylls (0.96 mg g-1), carotenoids (0.43 mg g-1), anthocyanins (53.99 µg g-1), phenolics (728.24 µg g-1), flavonoids (4178.05 µg g-1), and proline (1.46 µmol g-1) as compared to others. Total antioxidant activity was found to be the highest in young leaves (84.82 %) followed by young stems (80.24 %) and matured leaves (79.78 %). Analysis of enzymatic antioxidants resulted in the superior activity of ascorbate peroxidase (13.58 µmol min-1 mg-1) and glutathione S-transferase (3409 nmol min-1 mg-1) in young leaves whereas the highest rate of catalase (409.85 µmol min-1 mg-1) and peroxidase (3.5 nmol min-1 mg-1) activity were found in matured leaves. However, comparatively higher content of reactive oxygen species; hydrogen peroxide, and lipid peroxidation product; malondialdehyde in matured leaves than that of young leaves suggests that young leaf is a suitable source for herbal medicine.

Author Biography

Totan Kumar GHOSH, Department of Crop Botany, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University

Dr. Totan Kumar Ghosh

Professor, Department of Crop Botany, Faculty of Agriculture & Director, Central Laboratory, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur-1706, BANGLADESH
Tel. +88-02-9205310-14 Extn. 2497
Fax: +88-02-9205333, Cell: +88-01879962527


ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9765-0584



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How to Cite

HUSNA, T., MOHI-UD-DIN, M., HASAN, M. M., NAZRAN, A., KHAN, H. I., HASSAN, J., SHOVON, M. N. H., & GHOSH, T. K. (2023). Comparative analysis of antioxidant potential in leaf, stem, and root of Paederia foetida L. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 119(2), 1–15.



Original Scientific Article