Correlation and path coefficient analysis of yield and yield components of some Ethiopian faba bean (Vicia faba L.) accessions

Authors

  • Andualem Muche HIYWOTU Bonga University, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Department of Plant Sciences, Bonga, Ethiopia
  • Alemu ABATE Bahir Dar University, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Department of Plant Sciences, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
  • Fisseha WOREDE Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Fogera National Rice Research and Training Center, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2023.119.1.2911

Keywords:

correlation, faba bean, indirect selection, path analysis, selection criteria

Abstract

The knowledge of correlation and path coefficient analysis allow crop breeders to practice indirect selection to improve traits like grain yield which are complex in nature. The objectives of the present study were to measure association among yield and yield related traits and to identify important traits for indirect selection to improve faba bean grain yield. Eighty-one faba bean accessions were evaluated following 9 × 9 simple lattice design at one of the Bahir Dar University research sites at Mecha district in 2019 rainy cropping season. The result of correlation analysis revealed that grain yield had highly significant (p < 0.01) and positive phenotypic and genotypic correlations with plant height, pod length, number of pods per plant, number of branches per plant, biomass yield, 100-seed mass and harvest index indicating the possibility of simultaneous improvement of grain yield with these traits through selection. Path coefficient analysis demonstrated that higher positive direct effects were exerted by biomass yield and harvest index on grain yield both at phenotypic and genotypic levels, as a result, these traits could be used as indirect selection criteria to improve faba bean grain yield.

References

Abdalla M.M., Shafik M.M., El-Mohsen M.I.A., Abo-Hegazy S.R. and Heba M.A.S. (2015). Investigation on faba beans, (Vicia faba L.) heterosis, inbreeding effects, GCA and SCA of diallel crosses of ssp. paucijuga and eu-faba. Journal of American Sciences, 11, 1-7.

Alghamdi S.S. (2007). Genetic behavior of some selected faba bean genotypes. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings, 8, 709-714.

Azarpour E., Bidarigh S., Moraditochaee M., Danesh R.K., Bozorgi H.R. and Bakian M. (2012). International Journal of Agricultural Crop Science, 4, 1559-1561.

Bernier C.C., Hanounik S.B., Hussein M.M. and Mohamed H.A. (1993). Field manual of common faba bean diseases in the Nile Valley. ICARDA Information Bulletin No. 3.

Bora G. C., Gupta S. N., Tomer Y. S. and Sultan S. (1998). Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis in faba bean (Vicia faba L). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 68, 212-214.

Cerning, J., Saposnik, A., Guilbot, A., (1975). Carbohydrate composition of horse beans (Vicia faba L.) of different origins. Cereal Chemistry, 52, 125–138.

CSA (Central Statistics Agency) (2016). Agricultural Sample survey Area and production of major crops (Private peasant holdings, Meher season) (Vol. I, pp. 10-93). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

CSA (Central Statistics Agency) (2017). Agricultural Sample Survey. Vol. I Report on Area and Production of Major Crops, private holdings for the 2016/17 meher season.

Cubero J. I. (1974). On the evolution of faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 45, 47-51. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00283475

Dewey D.R. and Lu K.H. (1959). A correlation and path coefficient analysis of components of crested wheat grass seed production. Agronomy Journal, 51, 515-518. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1959.00021962005100090002x

Falconer D.S. and Mackay T.F.C. (1996). Introduction to Quantitative Genetics. Fourth edition, Longman group Ltd, England, 371, pp.

Fikreselassie M. and Soboka H. (2012). Genetic variability on seed yield and yield related traits of elite faba bean genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 15, 380-385. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2012.380.385

Gemechu Keneni, Mussa Jarso, Tezera Wolabu and Getnet Dino. (2005). Extent and pattern of genetic diversity of morpho-agronomic traits in Ethiopian highland pulse landraces II. Faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 52, 551-561. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-003-6022-8

Jivani, J.V., Mehta, D.R., Vaddoria, M.A. and Lata, R. (2013). Correlation and path coefficient analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 4, 1167-1170.

Karkanis A., Ntatsi G., Lepse L., Fernandez J.A., Vagen I.M., Reward B., Alsina I., Kronberga A., Balliu A., Olle M., Bodner G., Dubova L., Rosa E. and Savvas D. (2018). Faba bean cultivation revealing novel managing practices for more sustainable and competitive European cropping systems. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9, 11-15. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01115

Kumar P., Das R.R., Bishnoi S.K. and Sharma V. (2017). Intercorrelation and path analysis in faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 8, 395-397. https://doi.org/10.5958/0975-928X.2017.00059.X

Kumar S., Layek S., Pandit M.K. (2020). Genetic characterization for quantitative and qualitative traits and its relationship in faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.18805/IJARe.A-5252

Kumar V.I., Verma P.N. and Yadav C.B. (2013). Correlation and path coefficient analysis in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) under irrigated condition. Trends in Biosciences, 6, 576-578.

Lal K. (2019). Genetic variability and diversity analysis in faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Trends in Biosciences, 12, 754-760.

Madhur J. and Jinks C. (1994). Study of different days of sowing on yield parameters of green gram (V. mungo). Agricultural News, 12, 53-56.

Miller P.A., Williams J.C. and Robinson H.F. (1958). Variety-environmental interaction in cotton variety tests. Agronomy Journal, 51, 132-134. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1959.00021962005100030003x

Mulualem T., Dessalegn T. and Dessalegn Y. (2013). Genetic variability, heritability and correlation in some faba bean genotypes (Vicia faba L.) grown in Northwestern Ethiopia. Internal Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology, 5, 8-13. https://doi.org/10.5897/IJGMB12.006

Mussa Jarso and Fasil Assefa. (2014). Effects of acidity on growth and symbiotic performance of rhizobium leguminosarumbv. Viciae strains isolated from faba bean producing areas of Ethiopia. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, 3, 26-33. Mussa, J. & Gemechu, K. (2006). (Vicia faba L). In: Brink, M. and Belay, G. (eds.). Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 1: Cereals and Pulses. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen, Netherlands/Backhuys. https://doi.org/10.4314/star.v3i2.4

Nchimbi M. and Mduruma Z.O. (2007). Estimate of heritability for maturity characteristics of an early x late common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cross (TMO 216 x CIAT 16-1) and relationships among maturity traits with yield and components of yield. Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Science, 8, 11-18.

Picard, J., (1977). Some results dealing with breeding protein content in Vicia faba L. Protein quality from leguminous crops; EVR 5686 EN, Commission of European Communities, Coordination of Agricultural Research, pp. 339.

Robertson, G.R. (1959). The sampling variance of the genetic correlation coefficients. Biometrics, 15,469-485. https://doi.org/10.2307/2527750

Sharifi P. (2014). Correlation and path coefficient analysis of yield and yield component in some of broad bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes. Genetika, 46, 905-914. https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1403905S

Singh A.K., Bhakta N. and Manibhushan. (2017). Diversity analysis of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) germplasm of Bihar using agro-morphological characteristics. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 46, 1249-1257. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3467594

Singh A.K., Bharati R.C., Manibhushan N.C. and Pedpati A. (2013). An assessment of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) current status and future prospect. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8, 6634-6641.

Singh R.K. and Chaudhary B.D. (1985). Biometrical methods in quantitative genetic analysis. Kalyani publishers, New Delhi-Ludhiana, India. 318pp.

Singh S.K., Yadav C.B. and Verma R.K. (2015). Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) germplasm evaluation and genetic divergence analysis. Journal of Agricultural Research, 2, 257-262.

Tadesse T., Fikere M., Legesse T. and Parven A. (2011). Correlation and path coefficient analysis of yield and its component in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) germplasm. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 3, 376-382.

Tofiq S.E., Omer A.K. and Salih S.H. (2016). Correlation and path coefficient analysis of seed yield and yield components in some faba bean genotypes in Sulaimanni Region. Koya Univwesity Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 4, 150. https://doi.org/10.14500/aro.10081

Torres A.M., Roman B., Avila C.M., Satovic Z., Rubiales D., Sillero J.C., Cubero J.I. and Moreno M.T. (2006). Faba bean breeding for resistance against biotic stresses: Towards application of marker technology. Euphytica, 147, 67-80. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-006-4057-6

Ulukan H., Cular M. and Keskin S. (2003). Path coefficient analysis of some yield and yield components in Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 6, 1951-1955. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2003.1951.1955

Verma R. K., Yadav C. B. and Gautam S. C. (2015). Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) germplasm evaluation and genetic divergence analysis. Journal of Agricultural Research, 2, 112-118.

Wright S. (1921). Correlation and causation. Journal of Agricultural Research, 20, 557-585.

Zakira S., Islam K.M.A., Hasan M.K. and Milan A.K. (2010). Genetic variability and character association in garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Science, 15, 380-385.

Downloads

Published

28. 04. 2023

Issue

Section

Original Scientific Article

How to Cite

HIYWOTU, A. M., ABATE, A., & WOREDE, F. (2023). Correlation and path coefficient analysis of yield and yield components of some Ethiopian faba bean (Vicia faba L.) accessions. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 119(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2023.119.1.2911

Similar Articles

1-10 of 534

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.