Gene bank of forage plants in Agricultural institute of Slovenia

Authors

  • Janko VERBIČ Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, Hacquetova 17, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Vladimir MEGLIČ Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, Hacquetova 17, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2012.99.3.14470

Keywords:

gene bank, forage crops, grasses, legumes

Abstract

The systematic collection of grasses and legumes started during the 50 years of the last century. The first Slovenian varieties of grasses and legumes were bred from collected material. This contribution shows the history of the Gene bank of forage crops and some evaluation results of genetic resources in the past decade. Gene resources of forage crops are collected at farms and meadows, where local populations/old varieties of agricultural crops are still cultivated. At the moment in the gene bank 761 samples of forage plants, including 281 legumes, 352 grasses, 73 herbs and 55 forage crops are stored. Most forage crops are open-pollinated, therefore for propagation the isolation of plants is necessary. This fact prevents the higher propagation rate of different forage crops. Propagation of old samples will be also a challenge for our gene bank in the near future. According to evaluation of timothy (Phleum pratense L.), cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L.), white clover (Trifolium repens L.), birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus L.) and sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.) quite high morphological diversity between different ecotypes was found. Ecotypes differ also in chemical composition, nutritive value and also in other agronomic traits.

Published

14. 12. 2023

Issue

Section

Original Scientific Article

How to Cite

VERBIČ, J., & MEGLIČ, V. (2023). Gene bank of forage plants in Agricultural institute of Slovenia. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 99(3), 423–428. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2012.99.3.14470

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