Classification of pomegranate cultivars by multivariate analysis of biochemical constituents of HPLC


  • Mohammad SAADATIAN Soran University, Faculty of Education, General Science Department, Soran, Kurdistan Regional Government, Iraq
  • Haval ABDULLAH Soran University, Faculty of Education, General Science Department, Soran, Kurdistan Regional Government, Iraq
  • Fatima YOUSIF Soran University, Faculty of Education, General Science Department, Soran, Kurdistan Regional Government, Iraq
  • Rwa ASKANDAR Soran University, Faculty of Education, General Science Department, Soran, Kurdistan Regional Government, Iraq
  • Roya RIZGAR Soran University, Faculty of Education, General Science Department, Soran, Kurdistan Regional Government, Iraq
  • Maryam SABER Soran University, Faculty of Education, General Science Department, Soran, Kurdistan Regional Government, Iraq



antioxidant, gallic acid, chlorogenic acid, Punica granatum, phenolic compounds


Pomegranate fruits are highly diverse and may be divided into geographical groupings based on their characteristics. Genetic research has verified these categories in recent years and further categorized variants into geographic-genetic groupings. This study aimed to assess the biochemical contents of eight varieties of pomegranate fruit seed and the categorization of pomegranate using multivariate statistical analysis. Polyphenolic chemicals are key secondary metabolites in pomegranate, and their presence influences the quality and sensory qualities of the fruit they produce. Fruit extracts from the Faqyan cultivar contained the highest total phenolic content of all studied cultivars. Pomegranate cultivars such as Shaqlawa, Halabja Sour, and Faqyan were shown to have the highest antioxidant activity. Gallic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, cinnamic acid, rutin, apigenin, rosmaric acid, and quercetin were the most abundant phytochemical components in the study. According to the results of multivariate analysis, pomegranate cultivars were divided into four major groups. The pomegranate fruit seed is the most abundant source of antioxidants and beneficial phytochemical elements. Finally, the Sidakan Sweet and Shaqlawa cultivars included a significant content polyphenolic compounds.


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27. 06. 2023



Original Scientific Article

How to Cite

SAADATIAN, M., ABDULLAH, H., YOUSIF, F., ASKANDAR, R., RIZGAR, R., & SABER, M. (2023). Classification of pomegranate cultivars by multivariate analysis of biochemical constituents of HPLC. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 119(2), 1–9.

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