Polymorphisms of b-lactoglobulin and aS1-casein genes in the Pag Islad Sheep

Authors

  • Ante IVANKOVIĆ Univ. v Zagrebu, Agronomski fak., Odd. za živinorejo, Svetošimunska 25, HR-10000 Zagreb, Hrvatska
  • Peter DOVČ Univ. of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Fac., Dept. of Animal Science, Groblje 3, SI-1230 Domžale, Slovenia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2004.84.2.14746

Keywords:

sheep, breeds, Pag island sheep, milk, lactoglobulins, casein, molecular genetics, gene polymorphism, Croatia

Abstract

Polymorphisms of lactoprotein genes have a significant effect on technological properties of milk. In spite of the fact that literature data on the impact of lactoprotein variants on cheese making properties are sometimes contradictory, the information about the lactoprotein genotypes becomes important in selection programs in order to improve frequency of favourable alleles for technological properties of milk. The main product of the Pag Islad Sheep is milk, which is mainly used for manufacturinh of well known Pag Cheese. The improvement of cheese making properties of the Pag Island Sheep milk would contribute significantly to the rentability of the breed. In order to estimate the frequency of alleles contributing to technological properties of milk, we genotyped b-lactoglobulin and as1-casein loci of 40 Pag Island Sheep. Genotyping was performed using PCR followed by restriction analysis. At the b-lactoglobulin locus alleles A and B (0.5375; 0.4625) were found whereas at the as1-casein locus genotyping of alleles A in D (0.0875; 0.1340) was performed. According to the literaure data, we can conclude that allele frequencies at b-lactoglobulin and as1-casein locus in the population of Pag Island Sheep are not optimal for cheese making properties of milk. Application of molecular techniques would enable relatively rapid improvement of allelic frequencies towards technologically favourable alleles. This would also improve economical parameters of milk production with Pag Island Sheep breed, which is only known for special Pag cheese.

Author Biography

  • Ante IVANKOVIĆ, Univ. v Zagrebu, Agronomski fak., Odd. za živinorejo, Svetošimunska 25, HR-10000 Zagreb, Hrvatska

    This paper is a part of a dissertation thesis (defense March 16, 2001) supervisor assoc.prof. Peter Dovč, Ph.D.

Published

20. 12. 2004

Issue

Section

Original Scientific Article

How to Cite

IVANKOVIĆ, A., & DOVČ, P. (2004). Polymorphisms of b-lactoglobulin and aS1-casein genes in the Pag Islad Sheep. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 84(2), 121–130. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2004.84.2.14746

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