The impact of environmental factors on the infection of cereals with Fusarium species and mycotoxin production – a review

Authors

  • Sasho POPOVSKI Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Agronomy, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1111 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Franci Aco CELAR Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Agronomy, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1111 Ljubljana, Slovenia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2013.101.1.14952

Keywords:

Fusarium spp., mycotoxins, smal grain cereals, maize, climatic factors

Abstract

Several phytopathogenic Fusarium species occurring worldwide on cereals as causal agents of ‘head blight’ (scab) of small grain cereals and ‘ear rot’ of maize, are capable of accumulating, in infected kernels, several mycotoxins some of which of notable impact to human and animal health. Fusarium graminearum, F. culmorumF. poaeF. avenaceum and Microdochium nivale predominantly cause Fusarium diseases of small-grain cereals. Maize is predominantly attacked by F. graminearumF. moniliformeF. proliferatum and F. subglutinans. The review is focused on the influence of climatic variables, particularly temperature, humidity and rainfall on growth, reproduction, survival, competitive ability, mycotoxicity and pathogenicity of Fusarium fungi commonly isolated from wheat, barley and maize.

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Published

9. 04. 2013

Issue

Section

Review Article

How to Cite

POPOVSKI, S., & CELAR, F. A. (2013). The impact of environmental factors on the infection of cereals with Fusarium species and mycotoxin production – a review. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 101(1), 105–116. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2013.101.1.14952

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