Content of essential fatty acids in cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.)

Authors

  • Dragan ŽNIDARČIČ Univerza v Ljubljani, Biotehniška fakulteta, Oddelek za agronomijo, SI-1111 Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, Slovenija
  • Rajko VIDRIH Biotehniška fakulteta, Univerza v Ljubljani, Oddelek za živilstvo, SI-1111 Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, Slovenija

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2009.93.2.15046

Keywords:

cabagge, Brassica oleraceae, saturated fatty acids, unsaturated fatty acids

Abstract

The main objectiv of research was to study and evaluate the composition of essential fatty acids of 12 cultivars of cabbage (Brassica oleraceae L.). All samples were homogenised and liophilised. The fatty acids content was determined by the extraction of fatty acid methyl esters and analyses by means of gas chromatography. The obtained results show that cabbage is not a good source of saturated fatty acids. The unsaturated fatty acids in cabbage are composed of ?-linolenic acid (18.8 mg/100 g DW), linoleic acid (17.1 mg/100 g DW) and oleic acid (14.8 mg/100 g DW). The high content of both essential fatty acids (n-6 and n-3) in cabbage heads contribute to their nutritional value. There are significant differences between cabbage cultivars in the unsaturated fatty acid pattern. Cv. 'Maestro' contains the highest part of ?-linolenic acid (29.9 mg/100 g DW). The highest concentration of linoleic acid contains cv. 'Holandsko pozno zelje' (30.6 mg/100 g DW) and the highest concentration of oleic acid contain cv. 'Galaxy' (29.9 mg/100 g DW) and cv. 'Vestri' (26.1 mg/100 g DW).

Published

15. 07. 2009

Issue

Section

Original Scientific Article

How to Cite

ŽNIDARČIČ, D., & VIDRIH, R. (2009). Content of essential fatty acids in cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.). Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 93(2), 225–230. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2009.93.2.15046

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