Chemical composition of some cereals and maize varieties harvested in Slovenia

Authors

  • Tatjana PIRMAN Univ. of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Fac., Zootechnical Dept., Groblje 3, SI-1230 Domžale, Slovenia
  • Andrej OREŠNIK Univ. of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Fac., Zootechnical Dept., Groblje 3, SI-1230 Domžale, Slovenia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.1999.74.2.15867

Keywords:

cereals, wheat, barley, oat, maize, chemical composition, Weende analysis, minerals, amino acids

Abstract

Weende analysis and analysis of minerals and amino acid composition were done on the defined cereal and maize samples harvested in Slovenia in 1997. Analyses were done on 5 varieties of wheat: Pinka, Ana, Marija, Reska and Žitarka; 2 varieties of winter barley Alpha in Robur and 2 varietis of spring one: Rex and Gotic; 3 varieties of oats: Valiant, Pram and Leanda and 5 hybrids of maize: Fanion, Dea; Helga, Alberta and Lotus. The results of chemical analyses showed a relatively small degree of variability among wheat varieties. The same was found for barley varieties. Valiant is the variety that has less crude protein and ether extract and more crude fibre than the other varieties of oats. The maize hybrid Fanion is the one that has more crude protein and ether extract than the others. Cereals harvested in Slovenia have different average values for individual nutritive substance as they are cited in literature. The highert difference is found in lower crude protein content in our samples. Mineral (P, Ca, Mg, K, Na, Zn and Mn) composition is similar among the varieties of the cereals or maize and the average values are in the accordance with the literature, except lower Na concentrations. Amino acid composition shows a low degree of variability among the varieties of the same cereal or maize. The concentration of some essential amino acids in protein is superior to the data cited in literature.

Published

15. 12. 1999

Issue

Section

Original Scientific Article

How to Cite

PIRMAN, T., & OREŠNIK, A. (1999). Chemical composition of some cereals and maize varieties harvested in Slovenia. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 74(2), 15–25. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.1999.74.2.15867

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