Effect of the alcohol content on sensory perception of the fruit spirits

Authors

  • Arman ŠEKERIĆ University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Sarajevo
  • Milenko BLESIĆ University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Sarajevo
  • Pakeza DRKENDA University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Sarajevo
  • Nermina SPAHO University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Sarajevo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2023.119.4.15939

Keywords:

fruit spirits, alcohol content, aroma, sensory perception

Abstract

Fruit spirits must have an aroma of the raw material, which is balanced by ethanol.  Since many aroma compounds are more soluble in ethanol than in water, ethanol is the most important carrier of aroma compounds. The alcohol concentration seems to be crucial for the sensory profile of spirits. Alcohol content of 40% vol is the standard alcoholic strength of fruit spirits. Regulations specify a minimum alcohol content of 37.5% vol. However, ethanol reduction can result in change in sensory profile of spirits. The aim of this research is to determine whether lowering the alcohol content of spirits may make them less acceptable to customers. On this occasion, 5 pairs of fruit spirits were sensory tested: pear, plum, apple, raspberry, and grape spirits, each with a commercial and reduced alcohol concentration to 37.5% vol. The results showed that customers can recognize the difference in alcohol content of fruit spirits and dilution to lower alcohol content led to decreasing aroma for all tastes fruit spirits.  However, typicality and intensity of fruit odour and the overall note of the spirits, were very similar perceived for Williams, plum and grape spirits whereas apple and raspberry spirits showed better characteristic at higher alcohol content.

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Published

13. 12. 2023

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Section

Original Scientific Article

How to Cite

ŠEKERIĆ , A., BLESIĆ, M., DRKENDA, P., & SPAHO, N. (2023). Effect of the alcohol content on sensory perception of the fruit spirits. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 119(4), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2023.119.4.15939

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