Lynx in the Austrian Alps 2000 to 2004


  • J. Laass
  • Ch. Fuxjäger
  • N. Gerstil



Lynx lynx, Alps, Austria, monitoring, distribution


Based on reports submitted mostly by hunters and from monitoring activities in the national park Kalkalpen we tried to evaluate the status and the distribution of the lynx in the Austrian Alps for the period 2000 to 2004. Reports on lynx presence have been collected by the hunters associations of Styria, Carinthia, Upper Austria and Vorarlberg, by the national park Kalkalpen and by the department of wildlife biology and game management at the University of natural resources and applied life sciences. For the period 2000 to 2004 225 reports on lynx have been documented for the Austrian Alps. 116 of these were classified as category 3 data, 103 reports on prey remains and tracks have been confirmed by trained people and classified as category 2 data and six reports concerned hard facts (C1). All hard facts and all verifiedrecords originate from two distinct areas – national park Kalkalpen and the Niedere Tauern mountain range. Other areas with lynx reports are the Northeastern Limestone Alps, northwesterm Carinthia and Vorarlberg. Based on the available data we can not determine the actual distribution of the lynx in Austrian Alps or the status of the species in the region. Monitoring efforts by hunters and foresters in the NiedereTauern mountain range has yielded good data on the local situation of lynx. This has to serve as a model for the future development of the monitoring system in Austria.


BREITENMOSER, U. 1998: Recovery of the Alpine lynx population: Conclusions from the first SCALP report. Council of Europe, Environmental encounters 38: 135–144.

EIBERLE, K. 1972: Lebensweise und Bedeutung des Luchses in der Kulturlandschaft. Mammalia depicta 8: 1–65. (in German)

FESTETICS, A., F.C. VON BERG, & M. SOMMERLATTE 1980: Die Wiedereinbürgerung des Luchses in Öster- reich. – Ein Forschungs- und Artenschutzprojekt. In: FESTETICS, A. (ed.): Der Luchs in Europa. Kilda Verlag, Greven: 268–284. (in German)

GOSSOW, H. & P. HONSIG-ERLENBURG 1986: Management problems with the re-introduced lynx in Austria. Proc. Intern. Symp. “Cats of the World”. Nat. Wildl. Fed. Washington D.C., 77–83.

HUBER, T. & P. KACZENSKY 1998: The situation of the lynx (Lynx lynx) in Austria. Hystrix, 10(1): 43–54.

HUBER, T., J. LAASS & T. ENGLEDER 2001: Present knowledge on the distribution of the lynx (Lynx lynx) in Austria. Hystrix 12 (2): 31–37.

HUBER, T. & J. LAASS 2005: Luchs (Lynx lynx). In: ELLMAUER, T.: Entwicklung von Kriterien, Indika- toren und Schwellenwerten zur Beurteilung des Erhaltungszustandes der Natura 2000-Schutzgüter. Arten des Anhang II der Fauna-Flora-Habitat-Richtlinie., 2, 166–179; Umweltbundesamt GmbH, Wien (in German).

LAASS, J. & T. ENGLEDER 2005: Der Luchs in Österreich. Zur aktuellen Situation. Natur & Land 91: 28–30. (in German)

MOLINARI-JOBIN A., P. MOLINARI & U. BREITENMOSER 2000: Prey spectrum, prey preference and consump- tion rates of Eurasian lynx in the Swiss Jura Mountains. Acta Theriologica 45(2): 243–252. DOI:

MOLINARI-JOBIN A., P. MOLINARI, C. BREITENMOSER-WÜRSTEN, M. WOELFL, C. STANISA, M. FASEL, P. STAHL, J.M. VANDEL, L. ROTELLI, P. KACZENSKY, T. HUBER, M. ADAMIC, I. KOREN & U. BREITENMOSER. 2003: Pan-Alpine Conservation Strategy for the Lynx. Nature and environment 130, Council of Europe Publishing: 20 pp.


MOSER 2004: Luchsumsiedlung Nordostschweiz 2001 – 2003, Schlussbericht Modul Luchs des Projektes LUNO. KORA Bericht 22d, Bern, Schweiz, 60pp. (in German).

SCHADAUER K. 2004: Die österreichische Waldinventur 2000/02 – Vielfältige Information aus erster Hand. BFW-Praxisinformation, Wien, (3): 3 (in German).

STATISTIK AUSTRIA 2004: Statistisches Jahrbuch Österreichs 2004 – Statistical Yearbook 2005 Austria. Statistik Austria, Wien, 620pp.Fig.1: Distribution of records on signs of lynx presence in the Austrian Alps for the period 2000–2004.






Original Research Paper

How to Cite

Laass, J., Fuxjäger, C., & Gerstil, N. (2006). Lynx in the Austrian Alps 2000 to 2004. Acta Biologica Slovenica, 49(1), 43-49.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 61

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.